Skip to main content
Contact Us
Tools and Resources

Apparent consumption of wood in the UK

Apparent consumption is the amount of timber used as wood and wood products by people and industries in the United Kingdom.  It is calculated as total United Kingdom production plus imports, minus exports.  Apparent consumption differs from actual consumption by the extent of changes in the level of stocks.  It is not practical to collect information on actual consumption.

As table 3.1 covers a broad range of products (including secondary processed wood products), volumes are expressed in wood raw material equivalent (WRME) underbark.  WRME volumes represent the amount of wood that would have been required to make the product.

UK production of roundwood totalled 11.3 million m3 WRME underbark in 2018 (Table 3.1).  A further 49.0 million m3 WRME underbark of wood and wood products were imported to the UK and 3.9 million m3 WRME underbark were exported, giving apparent consumption of 56.4 million m3 WRME underbark.  This represented a 1% decrease in apparent consumption from the previous year.  These figures exclude recycled wood and recovered paper (see Table 3.3 for statistics on recovered paper).

Imports accounted for 81% of all wood (production + imports) in the UK in 2018.

Table 3.1 Apparent consumption of wood1 in the UK, 2009-2018

Year UK production2 Imports Exports Apparent Consumption
million m3 WRME underbark    
2009 8.6 39.5 4.2 44.0
2010 9.6 41.6 5.5 45.8
2011 10.0 40.6 5.2 45.5
2012 10.1 39.6 6.5 43.2
2013 10.8 42.2 6.2 46.8
2014 11.2 47.0 4.8 53.4
2015 10.6 49.3 4.1 55.8
2016 10.8 49.6 3.8 56.5
2017 10.9 50.3 4.2 57.0
2018 11.3 49.0 3.9 56.4

Source: Industry surveys, industry associations, UK overseas trade statistics (HM Revenue & Customs) and conversion factors to Wood Raw Material Equivalent (WRME).

Notes:

1. Excludes recovered paper.

2. UK production of roundwood is estimated from deliveries to wood processing industries and others, as in tables 2.5 and 2.6.

Figure 3.1 Apparent consumption of wood1 in the UK, 1999-2018

Fig 3v2.png

Source: Industry surveys, industry associations, UK overseas trade statistics (HM Revenue & Customs) and conversion factors to Wood Raw Material Equivalent (WRME).

Notes:

1. Excludes recovered paper.

2. UK production of roundwood is estimated from deliveries to wood processing industries and others, as in tables 2.5 and 2.6.

Additional resources

Sources chapter: Trade

Tools & Resources
In this section
Tools & Resources