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This chapter covers the production of timber from woodland and the primary processing of harvested wood to give basic wood products.

Estimates for England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland are included, in addition to UK totals, where possible. International comparisons of timber production are available in the International Forestry chapter. Further information on the data sources and methodology used to compile the figures is provided in the Sources chapter.

Timber originating from conifers is known as softwood and that from broadleaves is known as hardwood. Please refer to the Glossary for a definition of other terms used in this chapter.

Figures for 2015 were previously published in “UK Wood Production and Trade: 2015 Provisional Figures”, released on 19 May 2016. Some figures for the latest year have been revised from those previously published. For further details on revisions, see the Timber section of the Sources chapter.

A copy of all timber tables is available to download as an Excel spreadsheet from the Tables for Download page. Longer time series are also available for some tables. These can be accessed from our Data Downloads web page

Key findings

The main findings for 2015 are (with percentage changes from 2014):

Removals (harvesting) of UK roundwood:

  • 10.8 million green tonnes of softwood (-6%);
  • 0.5 million green tonnes of hardwood (-1%).

Deliveries of UK roundwood to wood processors and others:

  • Total: 10.8 million green tonnes of roundwood (softwood and hardwood) (-6%), of which:
  • Sawmills: 6.2 million green tonnes (-8%);
  • Wood-based panels: 1.3 million green tonnes (+4%);
  • Integrated pulp and paper mills: 0.4 million green tonnes (-6%);
  • Woodfuel: 2.0 million green tonnes (+5%);
  • Other uses, including round fencing, shavings and exports of roundwood: 0.8 million green tonnes (-20%).

Production of wood products in the UK included:

  • 3.5 million cubic metres of sawnwood (-7%);
  • 3.1 million cubic metres of wood-based panels (unchanged);
  • 4.0 million tonnes of paper and paperboard (-10%).
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