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5: Environment


This chapter presents a range of information about the woodland environment, mostly using sources that are outside the scope of National Statistics. They are included to provide additional context to the topic.

Estimates for England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland are included, where possible, in addition to GB or UK totals. Further information on the data sources and methodology used to compile the figures is provided in the Sources chapter.

All of the statistics presented in this chapter have been previously released.

A copy of all environment tables can be accessed in spreadsheet format from the Data Downloads page.

Key findings

The main findings are:

  • The UK woodland bird index has remained relatively stable since the early 1990s, following a period of long-term decline. Since 2015 woodland generalist species have fallen by 3% and woodland specialist species have fallen by 10%.
  • Around three quarter (77%) of respondents to the UK Public Opinion of Forestry survey 2021 agreed with the statement “action should be taken by authorities and woodland managers to protect trees from damaging pests and disease”.
  • In 2020, the total area of native woodland in Great Britain is estimated to be around 1.51 million hectares (49% of all woodland in Great Britain).
  • In 2020, non-native coniferous woodland is the single largest habitat type in Great Britain, accounting for 1.29 million hectares (42%).


Chapter 5 - Environment

PDF, 0.15 MB

Chapter 5 in PDF format

Chapter 5 - Environment data set (ods)


Chapter 5 data set in OpenDocument Spreadsheet format

Chapter 5 - Environment data set (xlsx)


Chapter 5 data set in Excel spreadsheet format

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