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Wood removals

A total of 3.8 billion m3 underbark of wood was removed from global forests in 2017, of which around one half (50%) was for use as woodfuel and the remainder was industrial roundwood (for use by wood processors) (Table 9.4).

North & Central America and Europe together accounted for around three fifths (59%) of all industrial roundwood removals in 2017. Globally, removals of industrial roundwood increased by 3% between 2015 and 2017, resulting from increases in all regions.

Three quarters (74%) of woodfuel removals in 2017 took place in Asia and Africa. Globally, removals of woodfuel increased by 2% between 2015 and 2017.

Table 9.4 Wood removals by region, 1990-2017

Region 1990 2000 2010 2015 2017 
million m3 underbark
Industrial roundwood          
    Europe          
        UK 6 8 8 9 9
        EU-281 317 344 338 351 362
    Total Europe 517 521 531 579 599
    Africa 61 71 72 75 74
    Asia 268 269 370 389 405
    North and Central America 595 632 485 516 523
    Oceania 34 47 58 63 70
    South America 110 147 198 217 231
    World 1585 1688 1713 1840 1903
Woodfuel          
    Europe          
        UK 0 0 1 2 2
        EU-281 68 79 98 109 119
    Total Europe 138 103 136 157 170
    Africa 445 551 643 679 693
    Asia 897 808 764 735 725
    North and Central America 162 129 129 136 153
    Oceania 9 13 11 10 10
    South America 162 185 162 171 169
    World 1814 1789 1845 1889 1920
Total roundwood          
    Europe          
        UK 8 10 11 11
        EU-281 385 423 435 460 481
    Total Europe 655 624 667 736 769
    Africa 506 623 715 754 767
    Asia 1166 1077 1134 1125 1130
    North and Central America 757 761 613 652 676
    Oceania 43 60 68 73 80
    South America 272 332 359 388 400
    World 3399 3477 3557 3729 3823

Source: FAO.

Notes:

1. Cyprus is included in EU-28 total but is part of FAO’s Asia region.

These figures are outside the scope of National Statistics.  For further information see the Sources chapter.

Figure 9.5 Wood removals by region, 2017

Fig 9.5v2.png

Source: FAO.

These figures are outside the scope of National Statistics.  For further information see the Sources chapter.

Additional resources

Sources chapter: International Forestry

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