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Wooded environments and interactions with the archaeological resource

Home Tools and Resources Forestry and tree health resources Historic environment resources Woodland and archaeology Wooded environments and interactions with the archaeological resource

henv_collector.jpg henv_thet_soil.jpgThe most frequently quoted issues relating to the management of the archaeological resource relate to cultivation or windthrow damage. However, there are many wider environmental parameters associated with woodland that could potentially be either benign or detrimental to archaeological preservation. For example:

  • Trees have the potential to alter the physical above-ground environment, typically providing more shelter and less temperature variation than an open landscape.
  • The chemical composition of any wet deposition under a woodland canopywill also vary to that outside of the woodland.
  • The chemistry and volume of any precipitation entering the forest soil, combined with the litter production and site hydrology can, over a sufficient time period, influence the soil chemistry, structure and any associated fauna.

More detailed information is available in Trees and forestry on archaeological sites in the UK: A review (PDF-1653K)

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