We use some essential cookies to make this website work.
We’d like to set additional cookies to understand how you use forestresearch.gov.uk, remember your settings and improve our services.
Preparing to search
Anon. (2005). Chestnut pathogen is nearly certain. Weekly Newspaper Wageningen UR, volume 7, 22 September.
Bean, W.J. (1925). Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles. Volume I. Fourth Edition, pp. 166-174. John Murray: London.
Brasier, C. M. and Strouts, R.G. (1976). New records of Phytophthora on trees in Britain. In Phytophthora root rot and bleeding canker of horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum L.). European Journal of Forest Pathology 6, 129-136.
Brasier, C.M. et al. (2004). Phytophthora ramorum on trees. Plant Pathology, in press.
Caroselli, N.E. (1953). Bleeding canker of hardwoods. Sci Tree Top 2, 1-6.
Erwin, D. C. and Ribiro O.K. (1996). Phytophthora Diseases Worldwide. APS Press, St Paul, Minnesota.
Forest, F., Drouin, J.N., Charest, R., Brouillet, L. & Bruneau, A. (2001). A morphological analysis of Aesculus L. and Billia Peyr. (Sapindaceae). Canadian Journal of Botany 79, 154-69.
Green, S., Laue, B., Fossdal, C.G., A’Hara, S. and Cottrell, J. (2009). Infection of horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) by Pseudomonas syringae pv. aesculi and its detection by quantitative real-time PCR. Plant Pathology 58, 731-744.
Green, S., Studholme, D.J., Laue, B.E., Dorati, F., Lovell, H., Arnold, D., Cottrell, J.E., Bridgett, S., Blaxter, M., Huitema, E., Thwaites, R., Sharp, P.M., Jackson, R.W. and Kamoun, S. (2010). Comparative genome analysis provides insights into the evolution and adaptation of Pseudomonas syringae pv. aesculi on European horse chestnut. PLoS ONE 5(4): e10224. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0010224.
Hardin, J.W. (1960). Studies in the Hippocastanaceae, V – Species of the Old World. Brittonia 12, 26-38.
Lonsdale, D. (1993). Choosing the time of year to prune trees. Arboriculture Research Note 117/93/PATH, 6pp. Aboricultural Advisory and Information Service, Farnham, Surrey.
Schmidt, O., Dujesiefken, D., Stobbe, H., Moreth, U., Kehr, R. and Schröder, T. (2008). Pseudomonas syringae pv. aesculi associated with horse chestnut bleeding canker in Germany. Forest Pathology38 (2), 124-128.
Strouts, R.G. (1981). Phytophthora diseases of trees and shrubs. Arboricultural Leaflet 8, 16pp. HMSO, London.
Strouts, R. G. and Winter, T. G. (2000). Diagnosis of Ill-health in Trees. The Stationery Office, Norwich, UK.
Tree Council (2002). The Good Seed Guide. 64pp. Published by the Tree Council.
Webber, J.F., Parkinson N.M, Rose, R., Stanford H.,Cook R.T.A, & J.G. Elphinstone. (2008). Isolation and identification of Pseudomonas syringae pv. aesculi causing bleeding canker of horse chestnut in the UK. Plant Pathology 57, 368.
White, J. (1995). Forest and Woodland Trees in Great Britain. Oxford.
Cookies are files saved on your phone, tablet or computer when you visit a website.
We use 3 types of cookie. You can choose which cookies you're happy for us to use.
These essential cookies do things like remember your progress through a form. They always need to be on.
We use Google Analytics to measure how you use the website so we can improve it based on user needs. Google Analytics sets cookies that store anonymised information about: how you got to the site the pages you visit on forestresearch.gov.uk and how long you spend on each page what you click on while you're visiting the site
Some forestresearch.gov.uk pages may contain content from other sites, like YouTube or Flickr, which may set their own cookies. These sites are sometimes called ‘third party’ services. This tells us how many people are seeing the content and whether it’s useful.