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Forest carbon stock

The total carbon in UK forests is estimated to have increased between 1990 and 2015 (Table 4.1). The carbon in forest soils accounts for most (around 75%) of total forest carbon.

Table 4.1 Forest carbon stock

  1990 2000 2005 2010 2015
million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent
Carbon in above-ground biomass 360 471 527 583 639
Carbon in below-ground biomass 129 170 190 210 230
Carbon in dead wood 9 10 10 10 10
Carbon in litter  165 175 179 182 187
Soil carbon1 2366 2533 2594 2629 2715
Total forest carbon  3029 3359 3500 3614 3781

Source: Forestry Commission

Notes

1. Carbon in soil depth 0 to 100 cm.

2. To convert tonnes carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) to tonnes carbon (C), multiply by 12/44.

These figures are outside the scope of National Statistics

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