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Production of wood products

Global production of wood products in 2014 totalled 439 million m3 of sawnwood, 388 million m3 of woodbased panels and 400 million tonnes of paper & paperboard (Table 9.5).

Europe produced around one third (34%) of all sawnwood in 2014 (mainly in EU countries), with around one quarter (28%) produced in North & Central America and a further quarter (27%) in Asia. Overall, sawnwood production increased by 17% between 2010 and 2014, mainly driven by a 39% increase in Asia.

Wood-based panels were more commonly produced in Asia, accounting for around three fifths (61%) of global production in 2014. Around one fifth (20%) were produced in Europe (mainly EU countries) and 12% in North & Central America. At a global level, wood-based panel production increased by 34% between 2010 and 2014, mainly driven by a 59% increase in Asia.

Asia also accounted for almost one half (46%) of paper and paperboard production in 2014, with around one quarter (26%) in Europe and a further 22% in North & Central America. Overall, paper and paperboard production increased by 2% between 2010 and 2014.

Table 9.5 Production of wood products by region, 1990-2014
Region 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2014
Sawnwood (million m3)
Europe
UK 2 2 3 3 3 4
EU-281 82 83 101 109 101 104
Total Europe 149 118 129 144 139 147
Africa 8 8 8 8 9 10
Asia 105 96 61 78 86 120
North and Central America 129 134 146 162 102 122
Oceania 6 7 8 9 9 9
South America 22 27 32 37 30 31
World 419 391 385 438 376 439
Wood-based panels (million m3)
Europe
UK 2 3 3 3 3 3
EU-281 36 40 53 63 58 59
Total Europe 48 46 61 75 73 78
Africa 2 2 2 2 2 3
Asia 27 44 49 99 149 237
North and Central America 44 47 62 64 44 48
Oceania 2 2 3 4 4 4
South America 4 6 9 15 17 18
World 127 147 186 260 288 388
Paper & paperboard (million tonnes)
Europe
UK 5 6 7 6 4 4
EU-281 63 74 90 98 95 92
Total Europe 74 82 100 111 106 105
Africa 3 3 4 4 4 4
Asia 57 77 95 124 170 184
North and Central America 92 108 111 108 94 89
Oceania 3 3 4 4 4 4
South America 8 9 11 13 15 15
World 235 282 325 365 392 400

Source: FAO.

Notes:

1. Cyprus is included in EU-28 total but is part of FAO’s Asia region.

These figures are outside the scope of National Statistics

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