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Carbon stocks in forest biomass

Carbon stocks in forest living biomass have increased in Europe and North & Central America between 2010 and 2015, but have decreased at a global level, reflecting continuing trends since 1990 (Table 9.3).

The overall decrease has mainly been driven by declines in South America and Africa, where forest areas have decreased. Carbon stocks in biomass also declined slightly in Asia, where carbon sequestered in new plantations is not yet able to balance out carbon losses from areas of deforestation.

Table 9.3 Carbon stocks in forest living biomass by region, 1990-2015

Region 1990 2000 2005 2010 2015
giga tonnes of carbon
Europe 41.4 42.5 43.2 44.4 45.5
Africa 66.5 63.5 62.1 60.8 59.7
Asia 38.1 37.7 37.2 36.8 36.3
North and Central America 33.9 34.9 35.3 35.6 35.9
Oceania 16.1 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.7
South America 111.5 107.8 105.5 104.0 103.1
World 307.6 302.3 299.2 297.6 296.2

Source: FAO Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015.

Notes:

1. A giga tonne is a thousand million tonnes (109tonnes).

These figures are outside the scope of National Statistics

Figure 9.4 Carbon stock per hectare in forest biomass by region, 2015

fs2017fig9-4.png

Source: FAO Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015.

These figures are outside the scope of National Statistics

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