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This chapter contains information about UK imports and exports of wood products, and about the level of apparent consumption estimated from data for UK production, imports and exports.

Most information on imports and exports come from the Overseas Trade Statistics compiled by HM Revenue & Customs. Estimates are provided at a UK level only. International comparisons of apparent consumption are provided later in the International Forestry chapter. Further information on the data sources and methodology used to compile the figures is provided in the Sources chapter.

Figures for 2022 were previously published in UK Wood Production and Trade: provisional figures, released on 18 May 2023. Some figures for 2022 and earlier years have been revised from those previously published. For further details on revisions, see the Trade section of the Sources chapter.

A copy of all trade tables can be accessed in spreadsheet format from the Data Downloads page.

Key findings

The main findings are:

UK imports:

  • 6.5 million cubic metres of sawnwood in 2022, a 20% decrease from 2021;
  • 3.2 million cubic metres of wood-based panels in 2022, a 15% increase from 2021;
  • 7.5 million tonnes of wood pellets in 2022, an 18% decrease from 2021;
  • 5.0 million tonnes of paper in 2022, a 19% increase from 2021.
  • The total value of wood product imports in 2022 was £10.7 billion, representing a 25% increase from 2021; of which £5.2 billion was pulp and paper.
  • Sawn softwood, sawn hardwood, particleboard, fibreboard, and paper and paperboard were mainly imported from EU countries in 2022.
  • Wood pulp imports originated from a range of both EU and non-EU countries in 2022.
  • The vast majority of UK imports of plywood and wood pellets came from countries outside the EU in 2022.
  • Apparent consumption of wood in the UK was 48.3 million m3 wood raw material equivalent underbark in 2022, representing a 9% decrease from the previous year.

UK exports:

  • The total value of wood product exports in 2022 was £2.2 billion, a 13% increase from 2021; of which £1.9 billion was pulp and paper.


Chapter 3 - Trade

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Chapter 3 in PDF format

Chapter 3: Trade


Chapter 3 data set in OpenDocument Spreadsheet format

Methodology: Chapter 3 – Trade

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Methodology and data sources for Chapter 3

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