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Apparent consumption of wood products

Apparent consumption (defined as production + imports – exports) of wood products around the world totalled 481 million m3 sawnwood, 398 million m3 wood-based panels and 413 million tonnes of paper and paperboard in 2017 (Table 9.6).

Two fifths (40%) of all sawnwood in 2017 was consumed in Asia and around one quarter each in North & Central America (26%) and in Europe (24%).  Reflecting the increased production of sawnwood (see Table 9.5), apparent consumption of sawnwood increased by 8% overall between 2015 and 2017. This was driven by increases in apparent consumption in most regions.

Asia consumed around three fifths (59%) of the world’s wood-based panels in 2017, around one fifth (20%) was consumed in Europe and 15% in North & Central America.  Apparent consumption of wood-based panels worldwide increased by 4% between 2015 and 2017, largely resulting from increased demand in Europe.

One half (50%) of all paper and paperboard in 2017 was consumed in Asia, around one fifth (22%) in Europe and a further one fifth (21%) in North & Central America. At a global level, apparent consumption of paper and paperboard increased by 3% between 2015 and 2017.

Table 9.6 Apparent consumption of wood products by region, 1990-2017

Region 1990 2000 2010 2015 2017
Sawnwood (million m3)          
    Europe          
        UK 13 10 9 10 11
        EU-281 96 100 90 89 95
    Total Europe 158 121 110 107 114
    Africa 10 10 17 19 17
    Asia 112 78 116 169 192
    North and Central America 119 143 95 119 126
    Oceania 6 8 8 8 9
    South America 20 27 26 25 24
    World 426 387 372 447 481
Wood-based panels (million m3)          
    Europe          
        UK 5 6 6 6 6
        EU-281 40 51 53 56 63
    Total Europe 52 57 67 73 81
    Africa 1 2 3 4 5
    Asia 25 50 139 233 237
    North and Central America 44 64 48 56 60
    Oceania 2 2 3 3 3
    South America 3 6 12 14 13
    World 127 181 272 382 398
Paper & paperboard (million tonnes)          
    Europe          
        UK 9 12 11 9 9
        EU-281 62 84 85 80 81
    Total Europe 71 90 95 91 92
    Africa 4 5 7 8 8
    Asia 62 103 178 197 206
    North and Central America 88 110 91 86 87
    Oceania 3 5 5 4 4
    South America 8 12 16 16 16
    World 236 325 391 403 413

Source: FAO.

Notes:

1. Cyprus is included in EU-28 total but is part of FAO’s Asia region.

These figures are outside the scope of National Statistics.  For further information see the Sources chapter.

Additional resources

Sources chapter: International Forestry

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