A collaborative initiative between sixteen of Scotland’s leading research and higher education institutions undertaking work on climate change and the transition to a low carbon economy
Guidance developed by Forest Research on the selection of suitable sites for stump harvesting, best practice to maintain sustainable forest management, and research to quantify the risks to soils
Transnational forestry management (ForeStClim)
This page summarises the main findings and recommendations of the ‘Transnational Forestry Management Strategies in Response to Regional Climate Change Impacts’ (ForeStClim) project, funded by the EU Interreg IVB North West Europe (NEW) programme.
Models for adaptive forest management (MOTIVE)
This page summarises the work of the ‘Models for Adaptive Forest Management’ (MOTIVE) project, funded by the EU Seventh Framework Programme (FP7).
Expected climate change and options for EU silviculture (ECHOES)
This page summarises research and outputs from the ‘Expected climate change and options for EU silviculture’ (ECHOES) project, funded by the EU-funded COST programme.
Climate change adaptation
How woodland management can adapt in anticipation of climate change
Tree stability and wind risk to forests
Management tools, advice and research to reduce and manage wind damage to British forests
Development of storm resistant landscapes (STORMRISK)
Intrerreg North Sea Region project: Development of STORM resistant landscapes through regional co-operation, adapted management and RISK communication
Eco-engineering and conservation of slopes (ECOSLOPES)
Techniques and tools to improve slope stability and reduce soil erosion
- Climate change adaptation
- Risk and resilience
- Forests and slope stability.
- Tree stability and Wind risk to forests. This project developed and released the successful ForestGALES wind risk decision support tool for British forests.
- Forestry sector adaptation research for ClimateXChange, Scotland’s centre of expertise on climate change.
- SENSFOR (EC COST Action ES1203) “Enhancing the resilience capacity of SENSitive mountain FORest ecosystems under environmental change”
- MOTIVE (EC FP7). “Models for Adaptive Forest Management”. 2009-2013.
- STORMS (EC DG Environment). “Destructive storms to European forests”. 2009-2010.
- EFORWOOD (EC FP6). “Sustainability Impact Assessment of the Forestry – Wood Chain” WP2.4 – Risk. 2006 – 2010.
- FORESTCLIM (EC Interreg North-West region). “Transnational Forestry Management Strategies in Response to Regional Climate Change Impacts 2008 – 2012.
- ECHOES (EC COST Action FP0703) “Expected Climate Change and Options for European Silviculture” 2008-2012.
- COST Action E38 (EC/ESF) “Woody Root Processes”. 2004-2008.
- STORMRISK (EC Interreg North Sea Region) project. “Development of STORM resistant landscapes through regional co-operation, adapted management and RISK communication” 2006 – 2008.
- ECOSLOPES (EC FP5). “Eco-engineering and conservation of slopes for long-term protection from erosion, landslides and storms.
Peer reviewed journals
Reyer, C.P.O., Bathgate, S., Blennow, K., Borges, J.G., Bugmann, H., Delzon, S., Faias, S.P., Garcia-Gonzalo, J., Gardiner, B., Gonzalez-Olabarria, J.R., Gracia, C., Hernández, J.G., Kellomäki, S., Kramer, K., Lexer, M.J., Lindner, M., van der Maaten, E., Maroschek, M, Muys, B, Nicoll, B, Palahi, M, Palma, J.H.N., Paulo, J.A., Peltola, H., Pukkala, T., Rammer, W., Ray, D., Sabaté, S., Schelhaas, M-J., Seidl, R., Temperli, C., Tomé, M., Yousefpour, R., Zimmermann, N.E., Hanewinkel, M. (2017). Are forest disturbances amplifying or canceling out climate change-induced productivity changes in European forests? Environmental Research Letters 12 (3), 034027
Albrecht, A., Badel, E., Bonnesoeur, V., Brunet, Y., Constant, T., Défossez, P., De Langre, E., Dupont, S., Fournier, M., Gardiner, B., Mitchell, S.J., Moore, J.R., Moulia, B., Nicoll, B.C., Niklas, K.J., Schelhaas, M-J., Spatz, H-C., Telewski, F.W. (2016). Comment on “Critical wind speed at which trees break”. Physical Review E, 94 (6).
Meijer, G.J., Bengough, A.G., Knappett, J.A., Loades, K.W. and Nicoll, B.C. (2016). New in situ techniques for measuring the properties of root-reinforced soil – laboratory evaluation. Géotechnique, 66 (1), 27–40.
Locatelli, T. Gardiner, B. Tarantola, S. Nicoll, B. Bonnefond, J.M. Garrigou, D., Kamimura, K. and Patenaude, G. (2016). Modelling wind risk to Eucalyptus globulus ( Labill .) stands. Forest Ecology and Management, 365, 159 – 173.
Beauchamp, K., Batgate, S., Ray, D., Nicoll, B. (2016). Forest ecosystem service delivery under future climate scenarios and adaptation management options: a case study in central Scotland. Scottish Forestry 70(3): 30-41.
Meijer, G.J., Bengough, A.G., Knappett, J.A., Loades, K.W. and Nicoll, B.C. 2015. Comparison of new in situ root-reinforcement measuring devices to existing techniques. Slopes and Geohazards. Jan. 2015, 1621-1626.
Bouriaud, L., Marzano, M., Lexer, M., Nichiforel, L., Reyer, C., Temperli, C., Peltola, H., Elkin, C., Duduman, G., Taylor, P., Bathgate, S., Jose G. Borges, Clerkx, S., Garcia-Gonzalo, J., Gracia, C., Hengeveld, G., Kellomäki, S., Kostov, G., Maroschek, M., Muys, B., Nabuurs, G.J., Nicoll, B., Palahí, M., Rammer, W., Ray, D., Schelhaas, M-J., Sing, L., Tomé, M., Zell, J., & Hanewinkel, M. (2015). Institutional factors and opportunities for adapting European forest management to climate change. Regional Environmental Change 15 (8): 1595-1609.
Hale, S.A., Gardiner, B., Peace, A., Nicoll, B., Taylor, P., & Pizzirani, S. (2015). Comparison and validation of three versions of a forest wind risk model. Environmental Modelling & Software, 68, 27-41.
Ray, D., Bathgate, S., Moseley, D., Taylor, P., Nicoll, B., Pizzirani, S. & Gardiner, B. (2014). Comparing the provision of ecosystem services in plantation forests under alternative climate change adaptation management options in Wales. Regional Environmental Change, 15(8), 1501-1513. .
Jactel, H., Branco, M, Duncker, P., Gardiner, B., Grodzki, W., Långström, B., Moreira, F., Netherer, S., Nicoll, B., Orazio, C., Piou, D., Schelhaas, M-J.and Tojic, K. (2011). A multi-criteria risk analysis to evaluate impacts of forest management alternatives on forest health in Europe. Ecology and Society 17 (4), 52..
Hale, S.E., Gardiner, B.A. Wellpott, A. Nicoll, B.C. and Achim, A. (2011). Wind loading of trees: Influence of tree size and competition. European Journal of Forest Research: 131(1), 203-217..
Butler, A.J., Barbier, N., Cermák, J., Koller, J., McEvoy, C., Nicoll, B., Perks, M., Thornily, C., Grace, J., and Meir, P. (2010). Estimates and relationships between above and belowground resource exchange areas in a Sitka Spruce managed forest. Tree Physiology 30(6): 705-714.
Gardiner, B., Blennow, K., Carnus, J-M, Fleischer, P., Ingemarson, F., Landmann, G., Lindner, M., Marzano, M., Nicoll, B., Orazio, C., Peyron, J-L., Reviron, M-P., Schelhaas, M-J., Schuck, A., Spielmann, M., and Usbeck, T. (2010). Destructive Storms in European Forests: Past and Forthcoming Impacts. Final Report to EC DG Environment.
Book and book chapters
Lawrence, A. and Nicoll, B. (2016). Climate impacts and adaptations in forest management. In: Climate Change. Observed Impacts on Planet Earth. 2 nd edition. Edited by Trevor M. Letcher. Elsevier. 492 pp.
Nicoll B, Hale S, Gardiner B, Peace A and Rayner B. (2015). ForestGALES A wind risk decision support tool for forest management in Britain. Forestry Commission, Edinburgh.
Moffat, A., Nisbet, T. and Nicoll, B. 2011. Environmental effects of stump and root harvesting. Forestry Commission Research Note 9. Forestry Commission, Edinburgh.
Trade journal and newsletter articles
Steward, G. and Nicoll, B. (2016). Blowing in the wind. Viewpoint article, Insurance Day Magazine. 30 November 2016.
Hale, S., Nicoll, B. and Martin, S. (2015). Improvements to ForestGALES – The forest wind risk tool. Forestry and Timber News. October 2015.