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Louise Sing

BA, MSc, PhD

Home Staff Louise Sing

Louise carries out research on the relationship between land use, land management and ecosystem services, focusing on forest landscapes. She develops models and indicators to deliver evidence on the long-term effects of alternative forest management and expansion scenarios at a range of spatial scales, including synergies and trade-offs, and the impacts of climate change, to inform decision making at local to national scales. This includes conducting research into woodland expansion opportunity mapping and visions, incorporating decision support tools such as LANDPREF and Ecological Site Classification. She is currently working on a forest health horizon scanning project.

Louise Sing joined Forest Research in 2002, where she has specialised in GIS and spatial analysis. She previously studied for a BA (Hons) in Geography at the University of Birmingham, an MSc in GIS and Remote Sensing at the University of Greenwich, and a PhD in Ecosystem services and forest management at the University of Edinburgh.

Her research interests include:

  • Forest health horizon scanning
  • Ecosystem services and forest management
  • Woodland expansion
  • Ecological Site Classification (ESC)


  • Member of the Association for Geographic Information
  • Member of the International Association for Landscape Ecology
  • Member of the British Ecological Society
Spatial Scientist
Land use and ecosystem services (LUES)


Northern Research Station

Bush Estate



Related Research


Exploring scenarios of forest diversification and ecosystem services impacts

This page describes our work carrying out research into the delivery of forest ecosystem services at the forest scale.

Status current


Exploring changes in ecosystem services under varying scenarios

Exploration of the resilience of woodlands to future change by assessing how ecosystem service values and natural capital stocks of woodlands may be affected by change through the application of the UK National Ecosystem Assessment (UK NEA) scenarios and different management approaches, e.g. forest diversification through the application of forest management alternatives

Status current
Land Use and Ecosystem Services

The research aims to increase our understanding of how woodlands and wooded landscapes provide a diverse range of ecosystem services (ES), and to help policymakers, forest managers and planners understand and assess how the specific placement and management of woodlands affects ES delivery at various scales.

Related Publications


Factsheet: Climate change and ecosystem services

Climate change will have wide-ranging effects on ecosystem services



A review of the effects of forest management intensity on ecosystem services for northern European temperate forests with a focus on the UK

Abstract Ecosystem services (ES) are the benefits that people receive from ecosystems. Understanding the impact of forest management on their supply can inform policy and practice for meeting societal demand. The objectives of this paper are to identify and review the effect of management intensity on priority ES supply and identify synergies and trade-offs among […]

Urban Forests in a European Perspective: what can the National Forest Inventory tell us?

This pilot project demonstrates that the NFI data, in combinationwith the DEGURBA approach, provides existing data onEuropean urban forests. Now that we know what we have, thereis potential to quantify and qualify the state and trends ofEuropean urban forests. Moving forward we can draw onexisting policies and concepts such as ecosystem services tomodel what urban […]

Practical solutions for bottlenecks in ecosystem services mapping

Palomo I, Willemen L, Drakou E, Burkhard B, Crossman N, Bellamy C, Burkhard K, Campagne CS, Dangol A, Franke J, Kulczyk S, Le Clec’h S, Malak DA, Muñoz L, Narusevicius V, Ottoy S, Roelens J, Sing L, Thomas A, Van Meerbeek K, Verweij P (2018) . One Ecosystem 3: e20713. Abstract Ecosystem services (ES) mapping […]

Ecosystem services and forest management

The ecosystem services concept helps describe the benefits which humans receive from nature and natural processes in a way that can influence policy and management decision making. The ability of trees, woodlands and forests to provide a wide range of ecosystem services is very much dependent on where they are located and how they are […]

Climate change and British woodland: What does the future hold?

By Mark Broadmeadow et. al. From Forest Research Annual Report and Accounts 2002-3. Related pages Climate change research

Other Research

  • Land Use and Ecosystem Services: Focusing on the use of ecosystem services indicators and tools, scenario modelling for management planning, and woodland expansion visions for the Lochaber region, Scotland.

Peer reviewed journal articles

Sing L., Metzger M.J. and Ray D. (2019) Do public attitudes towards forestry align with government policy objectives? Insights from a case study in north west Scotland. Scottish Forestry 73, 43-52.

Moseley, D., Connelly, T., Sing, L., & Watts, K. 2018 Developing an indicator for the physical health benefits of recreation in woodlands. Ecosystem Services 31 (part C): 420-432.

Sing, L., Metzger, M.J., Paterson, J.S. and Ray, D. (2018) A review of the effects of forest management intensity on ecosystem services for northern European temperate forest with a focus on the UK. Forestry 91,151-154 DOI: 10.1093/forestry/cpx042.

Palomo I, Willemen L, Drakou E, Burkhard B, Crossman N, Bellamy C, Burkhard K, Campagne C, Dangol A, Franke J, Kulczyk S, Le Clec’h S, Abdul Malak D, Muñoz L, Narusevicius V, Ottoy S, Roelens J, Sing L, Thomas A, Van Meerbeek K, Verweij P (2018) Practical solutions for bottlenecks in ecosystem services mapping. One Ecosystem 3: e20713.

Sarkki S, Jokinen M, Nijnik M, Zahvoyska L, Abraham EM, Alados CL, Bellamy C, Bratanova-Dontcheva S, Grunewald K, Kollar J, Krajčí J, Kyriazopoulos AP, La Porta N, Monteiro AT, Munoz-Rojas J, Parpan T, Sing L, Smith M, Sutinen ML, Tolvanen A, Zhyla T (2017) Social equity in governance of ecosystem services: synthesis from European treeline areas. Climate Research.

Bouriaud, L., Marzano, M., Lexer, M. et al. (2015) Institutional factors and opportunities for adapting European forest management to climate change. Reg Environ Change 15: 1595. doi:10.1007/s10113-015-0852-8

Thomas, H., Paterson, J., Metzger, M. and Sing, L. (2015) Towards a research agenda for woodland expansion in Scotland. Forest Ecology and Management 349, 149-161

Sing, L., Towers, W. and Ellis, J. (2013) Woodland expansion in Scotland: an assessment of the opportunities and constraints using GIS. Scottish Forestry 67(4), 18-25.

FC and FR publications including official statistics

Sing, L., Ray, D. and Watts, K. (2015) Ecosystem services and forest management. Forestry Commission Research Note 20. Forestry Commission, Edinburgh.

Contract and project reports

Sing, L. and Aitkenhead, M., (2020) Analysis of Land Suitability for Woodland Expansion in Scotland: update 2020. ClimateXChange, Edinburgh. DOI: .

Dunn, M., Sing, L., Clarke, T. & Moseley D. (2020). Attitudes Towards Landscape Benefits and Woodland Creation in Southern Scotland. Survey Findings Summary Report. Report for Scottish Forestry.

Dunn, M., Moseley, D. & Sing, L. (2019) Exploring Opportunities for New Woodlands at the Landscape Level: Towards a formal method for South Scotland and beyond. Report for Forestry Commission Scotland.

Gulsrud, N.M., Nielsen, A.B., Bastrup-Birk, A., Olafsson, A.S., Lier, M., Fischer, C., Zalkauskas, R., Hedblom, M., Sievanen, T., Nordh, H., Dahlgren, J., Kulbokas, G., Davies, C., Polley, H., Brändli, U-B., Kriher, F., Johannsen, V.K., Nord-Larsen, T., Haakana, H., Ihalainen, A., Korhonen, K., Straigte, L., Tomter, S., Sing, L., Edwards, D., Ross, D., 2018. Urban Forests in a European Perspective: what can National Forest Inventory tell us? Workshop for Practitioners and Researchers held on March 15, Brussels – Summary of workshop results. Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg.

Ray, D., Sing, L. and Nicoll, B. (2016) LWEC Agriculture & Forestry Report Card Paper 9: Forest Ecosystem Services and Climate Change.

Towers, W., Sing, L., Ray, D. and Crow, P. (2011). Woodland Expansion GIS project: Final report (PDF–3.78MB). James Hutton Institute and Forest Research report to Forestry Commission Scotland Woodland Expansion Advisory Group.