Russell Anderson


Related research

Research topic

Peatland ecosystem services

Monitoring ecosystem services from afforested peatland and the effects of bog restoration and conversion to peatland edge woodland

Status: Current


  • Climate change
  • Ecosystem services
Research topic

Creating sustainable forested peatlands

A 4-year PhD project on ecosystem services from low-density woods on peatland.

Status: Current


  • Ecosystem services
Research topic

Rewetting trials

This project aims to test two techniques for rewetting cracked peat bogs so that we can recommend how to do it in practice. Barriers to water movement are formed by digging trenches to deeper than the cracks and repacking them with peat with or without a plastic membrane lining one side of the trench.

Status: Current


  • Ecosystem services
Research topic

Carbon accumulation and loss in afforested peatlands

PhD studentship •Quantifying carbon accumulation and loss in afforested peatlands

Status: Current


  • Ecosystem services
  • Cracked peat rewetting trials
      As project leader, Russell runs the two field trials, analyses data and communicates results.

  • Peatland use and ecosystem services
      Co-ordinator of this major partnership project based on a trio of PhD studentships.

  • Quantifying carbon accumulation and loss in afforested peatlands
      Partner and co-supervisor of this Leverhulme Trust funded PhD project.

  • Bog restoration experiments
      As project leader, Russell analyses data and communicates results from two replicated field experiments.

  • Peat subsidence due to afforestation and drainage
      Project leader responsible for long-term monitoring and analysing, interpreting and communicating results.

Related publications

Peer reviewed papers

Ground surface subsidence in an afforested peatland fifty years after drainage and planting

In the UK, large areas of peatland were drained for forestry in the second half of the 20th century. Ground surface subsidence and diminishing depth (thickness) of the peat layer...


  • Forest management
  • Ecosystem services
  • Soil science

A strategic assessment of the afforested peat resource in Wales

This report assesses the distribution of the Welsh peatlands, gives an overview of the likely impacts of peat forming factors and afforested peatland restoration, develops national and field based assessment...


  • Forest hydrology
  • Soil science

Peer reviewed papers

Sloan, T., Payne, R.J., Anderson, A.R., Gilbert, P., Mauquoy, D., Newton, A.J. & Andersen, R. 2019. Ground surface subsidence in an afforested peatland fifty years after drainage and planting. Mires and Peat 23 Article 06, 1-12.

Alshammari, L. Large, D.J. Boyd, D.S. Sowter, A. Anderson, R. Andersen, R. Marsh, S. 2018. Long-term peatland condition assessment via surface motion monitoring using the ISBAS DInSAR technique over the Flow Country, Scotland. Remote Sensing 2018, 10 (7), 1103.

Payne, R.J. Anderson, A.R. Sloan, T. Gilbert, P. Newton, A. Ratcliffe, J. Mauquoy, D. Jessop, W. Andersen, R. 2018. The future of peatland forestry in Scotland: balancing economics, carbon and biodiversity. Scottish Forestry 72(1) Spring/Summer 2018, 34-40.

Ratcliffe, J. Andersen, R. Anderson, R. Newton, A. Campbell, D. Mauquoy, D. Payne, R. 2017 Contemporary carbon fluxes do not reflect the long-term carbon balance for an Atlantic blanket bog. The Holocene 28(1) 140-149.

Anderson, R. Peace, A. 2017.Ten-year results of a comparison of methods for restoring afforested blanket bog. Mires and Peat 19 Article 06, 1-23.

Wilson, J.D. Anderson, R. Bailey, S. Chetcuti, J. Cowie, N.R. Hancock, M.H. Quine, C.P. Russell, N., Stephen, L. Thompson, D.B.A. 2014. Modelling edge effects of mature forest plantations on peatland waders informs landscape-scale conservation. Journal of Applied Ecology 51, 204-213.

Yamulki, S. Anderson, R. Peace, A. Morison, J.I.L. 2013. Soil CO2 CH4 and N2O fluxes from an afforested raised peatbog in Scotland: implications for drainage and restoration. Biogeosciences 10, 1051-1065.

Whitfield, S., Reed, M., Thomson, K., Christie, M., Stringer, L., Quin, C. H., Anderson, R., Moxey, A. and Hubacek, K. (2011) Managing peatland ecosystem services: current UK policy and future challenges in a changing world. Scottish Geographical Journal, 127(3), 209-230.

Book chapters

Anderson, R. Vasander, H. Geddes, N. Laine, A. Tolvanen, A. O’Sullivan, A., Aapala, K. 2016. Chapter 12 Afforested and forestry-drained peatland restoration. In: Peatland restoration and ecosystem services (eds. A. Bonn, T. Allott, M. Evans, H. Joosten, R. Stoneman). British Ecological Society Ecological Reviews series. Cambridge University Press.

FC and FR publications

Anon,(2014). Managing open habitats in upland forests. Forestry Commission Practice Guide. 40pp. Forestry Commission, Edinburgh.

Anderson, A.R. (2010). Restoring afforested peat bogs - results of current research (PDF-954K). Forestry Commission Research Note 6. Forestry Commission, Edinburgh.

Contract and project reports

Artz, R.E. Faccioli, M. Roberts, M. Anderson, R. 2018. Peatland restoration - a comparative analysis of the costs and merits of different restoration methods. ClimateXChange, Edinburgh, 36 pp. 

Anderson, R. Watts, K. Riddle N., Crosher, I. Diack, I. 2014. An assessment of the afforested peat land in England and opportunities for restoration

Anderson, R. Cariss, H. 2013. Field assessment tool for deep peat. Forestry Commission Wales

Vanguelova, E. Anderson, R. Broadmeadow, S. Yamulki, S. Randle, T. Nisbet, T. Morison, J. 2011. A strategic assessment of the afforested peat resource in Wales

Trade journal and newsletter articles

Anderson R. & Williams D. 2018. Rewetting cracked peat in forest-to-bog restoration. Flow Country Research Hub Newsletter Spring 2018.

Anderson, R. 2017. What should we do about forests on peat bogs? SCRR Newsletter Issue 87 Spring 2017.

Scientific conferences: presentations or posters

Anderson, R. 2016. Forest-to-bog restoration in Scotland: recent advances, gaps and barriers. IUCN UK Peatland Programme conference: Creating a Legacy for Peatlands 29 Nov-1 Dec 2016, Shrewsbury.

Anderson, R. 2016. Bog restoration from forestry in UK: Lessons from the Forestry Commission’s experience as practitioner, researcher and regulator. Cumbria BogLIFE mid-project conference: Restoring peatlands – the development of best practice techniques 4-6 Oct 2016, Penrith.

Anderson, R. 2015. Restoration of afforested peatlands across Europe. EU LIFE Rebuilding Ireland’s Natural Capital end of project conference, 29-30 Sep 2015, Athlone.

Anderson, R. Vasander, H. Geddes, N. Laine, A. Tolvanen, A, O’Sullivan, A. Aapala, K. 2012. Restoration of afforested peatlands – ecosystem service gains and losses. IUCN UK Peatland Programme conference: Investing in peatland – demonstrating success 26-27 Jun 2012, Bangor, Wales