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The aim of LUES is to deliver evidence, methods and tools which support policymakers and practitioners in their understanding of how land use and climate change affects the biodiversity, resilience and ecosystem services of wooded landscapes now and in the future.

The research is managed under three work areas:

  • Evidence & Knowledge
  • Methods & models
  • Tools & Applications

Evidence & knowledge

This work area is focussed on generating ecological, environmental, and social evidence and knowledge. We do experimental work, talk to people, and derive new evidence from existing data. For example, our work on WrEN and Peatland ecosystem services will provide clear evidence on forest impacts on biodiversity and ecosystems and the environment. Other work with foresters and the public in Lochaber will provide important knowledge on the understanding, use and value of ecosystem services in forested landscapes.

Links to relevant project pages


Russell Anderson

Methods & models

This work area uses evidence and knowledge to develop methods and models that help us to better understand and predict complex systems.

For example, we use species records and expert knowledge to develop habitat suitability models that predict species distributions. Similarly, we model the demand and supply of ecosystem services such as recreation, carbon storage and water quality regulation using the best available data, knowledge and statistical tools.

We also synthesise extensive field datasets and complicated models and translate them into simple indicators to communicate to decision makers. For instance, the Ecological Site Classification (ESC) is a good example of the translation of scientific evidence into an intuitive format to support evidence-based forest planning and management.

Links to relevant project pages


Dr Chloe Bellamy

Tools & applications

This work area uses evidence/knowledge and methods/models to answer forestry and land use policy and practice questions and support decision-making. This takes the form of tools, such as ESC, a service or application.

For example, the work in Strathard is examining the application and utility of ecosystem service indicators in assisting the integrated management of the Strathard landscape by working with a number of key stakeholders. Insights from this work area will feed back into other work areas, for instance identifying evidence gaps, the need for refined models and methods, or better ways to communicate outputs.

We are also using evidence and methods from our landscape ecology work to provide a habitat network service (HaNS) to help planning authorities and developers meet their legal responsibilities for European protected species.

To optimise communication of our varied and diverse work to the wider research community and to better engage potential stakeholders we have begun developing online applications which will provide an attractive and user-friendly front-end to many of our models and specialised datasets.  To date we have developed applications that enable the user to explore and manipulate data corresponding to:

  •  Measures of ecological coherence and resilience for habitat patches in a study landscape – visit the BioCoRe project page for further details and link application
  • Changes in ecosystem services under varying land management scenarios – click here for further details and link to application

Links to relevant project pages


Dr Darren Moseley

This work is funded by the Forestry Commission

Forest Research is a founding member of Ecosystem Service Community Scotland (ESCom), a collaboration on ecosystem services research. The aim of ESCOM is to align our collective research so we can draw on each other’s expertise and better develop collaborative research across different land-uses, and with other research providers.

What’s of interest

ESCom Scotland


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Andrew Rattey

GIS Analyst

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Chloe Bellamy

Spatial Scientist

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Duncan Ray

Senior Forest Ecologist

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Kevin Watts

Principle Landscape Ecologist

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Shelley Kennedy

Spatial Analyst

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Russell Anderson


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Darren Moseley

Head of Land Use & Ecosystem Services