Since Medieval times, designed landscapes have evolved and at times changed dramatically in style and character. Throughout all periods and recognised styles however, trees have been an essential feature. In the 20th century social and economic changes proved challenging times for land management, with a combination of estate fragmentation, decline and changed land-use policies, specifically […]
Maintaining species’ movement around landscapes is considered important if we are to conserve populations of many species and help them adapt to climate change. Particular features in the landscape have the potential to hinder or facilitate species movement. As each species interacts with the landscape differently, it can be hard to extract general patterns to […]
As part of a UK–India collaboration on forestry, this summary report shows how Forest Landscape Restoration can safeguard biodiversity by taking a landscape approach using appropriate technologies and practical applications and produce real benefi ts for communities by working in partnership with them. Edited by Mike Smith (Forest Research) and Sandeep Tripathi (India Forest Research […]
Adaptive forest management is a systematic process for continually improving forest management, in conditions of complexity and uncertainty, by learning from the outcomes of experiments and operational practice. Adaptive management has often been proposed as a suitable approach for dealing with uncertainty and complexity in natural systems, particularly in relation to climate change.Some of the […]
White-tailed eagles (sea eagles) were re-introduced to Scotland from the 1970s and there are now over 50 breeding pairs. They frequently nest and roost in woodlands and tend to use habitual nest sites. The species has a high degree of legal protection, and woodland managers need to plan operations carefully to avoid disturbing the birds […]
This guidance note provides an introduction to the restoration and management of ancient wood pastures in Scotland. It is aimed at land managers, their advisers and agency staff involved in land management and grant assessment. It has also been developed to help applicants to the Scottish Rural Development Programmedeliver the ‘Management of Ancient Wood Pasture’ […]
A Summary Report by Forest Research providing evidence on the positive benefits which green infrastructure brings to society. A Technical Report is also available: Benefits of green infrastructure. By Land Regeneration and Urban Greenspace, Centre for Forestry and Climate Change.
An in-depth technical report by Forest Research providing a synthesis of the evidence on the positive benefits which green infrastructure brings to society. A summary report is also available: Benefits of green infrastructure – summary report. By Land Regeneration and Urban Greenspace, Centre for Forestry and Climate Change.
The value of peat bogs as open habitats and stores of carbon may be lost if they are planted with trees. The number of bogs being restored is increasing but still modest in scale relative to the area of afforested peatland. Research is currently being carried out to determine the feasibility and methodology for restoring […]
Identifying the historic environment in Scotland’s forests and woodlands has been prepared by Forestry Commission Scotland and Archaeology Scotland as an aid to forestry and woodland managers when considering the historic environment in their stewardship. The principal purpose of this practice guide is to provide an accessible introduction to exploring ‘archaeology in the field’. Archaeological […]
Practical surveying and monitoring techniques are essential for anyone involved in studying or managing squirrel populations in forests and woodland in Britain. Survey methods can be used to establish the presence of squirrels in a particular area and, if used systematically, can detect significant changes in the distribution or abundance of populations and species over […]
A synopsis of the Lowland Habitat Networks in Scotland report (below), including examples of how networks of non-wooded habitats and their integration in different landscape settings could benefit landscapes in the Scottish Lowlands. By Darren Moseley and Mike Smith. Full report: Developing lowland habitat networks in Scotland: Phase 2 (PDF-3207K) Related pages Habitat networks Landscape […]
A Case Study from Glen Affric – May 2008. Related pages Habitat networks Landscape ecology Integrated establishment systems for the uplands Lowland native woodlands Integrated forest vegetation management Management of upland native woodlands Silvicultural and woodland management practices publications Vegetation management publications Woodland establishment and regeneration publications
The Environmental Change Network (ECN) was established in 1992 to provide a framework for monitoring the effects of a range of environmental drivers on freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems. The Alice Holt ECN site represents the Forestry Commission’s commitment to this long-term collaborative programme. This Research Note reviews data collected at the Alice Holt site over […]
This Bulletin describes a technique for measuring deer abundance in woodlands. The technique is a variation of the faecal accumulation rate method and was developed and refined using data from more than ten years of monitoring and research by Strath Caulaidh Ltd. In justifying their choice of each element of the technique, the authors also […]
Developments in remote sensing technology to reveal the historic environment by ‘seeing through’ the woodland canopy and its application in mapping, with direct relevance to forest management. By Peter Crow. Related pages Historic environment resources
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