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  • Publications

    The devil is in the detail: Metabarcoding of arthropods provides a sensitive measure of biodiversity response to forest stand composition compared with surrogate measures of biodiversity

    Lead Author: Nadia Barsoum
    We investigated whether biodiversity information obtained from DNA metabarcoding of mass-trapped arthropods and from a range of taxa-based surrogate measures of biodiversity (e.g. carabid beetles, vascular plants) provide: 1) similar estimates of alpha and beta diversity and 2) provide similar forest management related conclusions. We also explored how well habitat-based surrogate measures of biodiversity (e.g. stand structure, volume of deadwood) predict observed biodiversity patterns.
  • Publications

    Forest habitat network for Edinburgh and the Lothians

    Lead Author: Duncan Ray
    Booklet describing the contribution of woodlands to promote sustainable development within the regional Structure Plan. By Duncan Ray and Darren Moseley.
  • Publications

    Novel dendrochronological modelling demonstrates that decades of reduced stem growth predispose trees to Acute Oak Decline

    Lead Author: Katy Reed
    • Novel dendrochronological modelling was developed to explore oak stem growth trends. • Trees with long-term AOD symptoms may have been predisposed many decades earlier. • Diseased trees struggle to take advantage of favourable growing conditions. • Historic episodes of stress may impact the future resilience of oaks to disturbance.
  • Publications

    Factsheet: Climate change and biodiversity

    More biodiverse woodlands are better able to resist or adapt to threats, such as climate change. This enhanced resilience supports the continuity of woodlands and the ecosystem services they provide. Biodiversity is the variation at different levels of biological organisation - the genes within a species; the species within a community; and the diversity between communities and ecosystems.
  • Publications

    Species diversification – which species should we use?

    Lead Author: Richard Ennos
    This paper stresses that future use of ‘alternative’ species for diversification should be contingent on rigorous biological risk assessment, results from forestry scale trials, and the establishment of sustainable British seed sources.
  • Publications

    Genetic considerations for provenance choice of native trees under climate change in England

    This Research Report provides a review of published results from provenance tests of relevance to English native trees to identify factors which may influence the risk, suitability and desirability of the use of local versus non-local seed under climate change.
  • Publications

    Cryptic genetic variation and adaptation to waterlogging in Caledonian Scots pine, Pinus sylvestris L.

    Exposure to a contrasting novel environment such as waterlogging under common garden conditions can trigger release of otherwise unobservable (cryptic) genetic variation. Under a flooding treatment, there was a greater increase in variability in Scots pine populations originating from drier sites in Scotland which likely reflects a relative absence of past selection. Under climate change this cryptic genetic variation may provide considerable potential to adapt.
  • Publications

    Conservation of black poplar: insights from a DNA fingerprinting approach

    Lead Author: Joan Cottrell
    Black poplar is Great Britain’s rarest native hardwood and there is considerable interest in conserving the genetic diversity present in the remaining population. However, multiplication by vegetative propagation has led to issues in identifying and selecting genetically diverse native planting material. The ability to use DNA markers to identify poplars at the level of the […]
  • Publications

    Using DNA barcoding and metabarcoding to detect species and improve forest biodiversity monitoring

    Lead Author: Nadia Barsoum
    Growing threats to biodiversity from pressure of land use, climate change, and invasive pests and diseases highlight the importance of obtaining accurate baseline measurements of current forest biodiversity, as well as improved monitoring to detect early signals of change. Developments in molecular techniques have advanced to the stage that there are now practical methods available […]
  • Publications

    Supplying trees in an era of environmental uncertainty: Identifying challenges faced by the forest nursery sector in Great Britain

    Lead Author: Joan Cottrell
    Paper explores challenges faced by the nursery sector in Great Britain in an era of environmental uncertainty In recent years, there have been many studies exploring the management strategies that might be used to enable our forests to better cope with climate change. However, these seldom take into account the practical and economic implications of […]
  • Publications

    The genetic consequences of long term habitat fragmentation on a self-incompatible clonal plant, Linnaea borealis L.

    Lead Author: Joan Cottrell
    Study finds twinflower in Scotland exhibits genetic effects of chronic population fragmentation Habitat fragmentation is widely thought to contribute to the decline of plant species. In part, this is due to the restriction it places on the flow of genes (which occurs through pollen and seed dispersal) within a plant population, creating sub-populations within which […]
  • Publications

    Establishing and managing gene conservation units

    Lead Author: Jason Hubert
    Conserving the genetic diversity within our tree species and the processes that determine it are important for sustainable forest management and increasing the resilience of Britain’s forests and woodlands. The genetic diversity within a tree species at any one time is the result of many dynamic processes, and it provides the source for future adapted […]
  • Publications

    UK – India forest landscape restoration

    Lead Author: Mike Smith
    As part of a UK–India collaboration on forestry, this summary report shows how Forest Landscape Restoration can safeguard biodiversity by taking a landscape approach using appropriate technologies and practical applications and produce real benefi ts for communities by working in partnership with them. Edited by Mike Smith (Forest Research) and Sandeep Tripathi (India Forest Research […]
  • Publications

    Planning for lowland habitat networks in Scotland: A landscape-scale approach

    Lead Author: Darren Moseley
    A synopsis of the Lowland Habitat Networks in Scotland report (below), including examples of how networks of non-wooded habitats and their integration in different landscape settings could benefit landscapes in the Scottish Lowlands. By Darren Moseley and Mike Smith. Full report: Developing lowland habitat networks in Scotland: Phase 2 (PDF-3207K) Related pages Habitat networks Landscape […]
  • Publications

    Improving the ecological content of forest plans

    Lead Author: Forest Research
    A Case Study from Glen Affric – May 2008. Related pages Habitat networks Landscape ecology Integrated establishment systems for the uplands Lowland native woodlands Integrated forest vegetation management Management of upland native woodlands Silvicultural and woodland management practices publications Vegetation management publications Woodland establishment and regeneration publications
  • Publications

    [Archive] Forest habitat networks Scotland

    Lead Author: Darren Moseley
    By Darren Moseley, Duncan Ray, Kevin Watts & Jonathan Humphrey. Contract report to Forestry Commission Scotland, Forestry Commission GB and Scottish Natural Heritage.
  • Publications

    [Archive] Development of multiple leaders in sitka spruce and Japanese larch following outplanting

    Lead Author: Mike Perks
    This report details a series of five experiments which were initiated to investigate the development of multiple leaders following simulated browsing/weevil damage to three size classes of Sitka spruce and Japanese larch immediately after planting.
  • Publications

    [Archive] Advances in biotechnology: powerful tools for tree breeding and genetic conservation

    Lead Author: Steve Lee
    A range of biotechnological tools has been used by Forest Research to enhance the efficiencies of research and development programmes associated with tree breeding and genetic conservation. This Information Note presents some examples where such tools have been applied. These include enhancement of flowering in conifers, assessment of the efficiency of seed orchards, characterisation of […]