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Publication Type: Peer reviewed papers

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  • Publications

    Forest disturbances under climate change

    Lead Author: Rupert Seidl
    Disturbances such as droughts, wind and insects attacks all result in stress for forests and they are influenced by changing climate. Forests cover about a third of worldwide land surface, but knowledge is still lacking about how these types of disruptions interact with one another given global climate change. Now, for the first time, an […]
  • Publications

    Cultural ecosystem benefits of urban and peri-urban green infrastructure across different European countries

    Lead Author: Liz O’Brien
    Research urges decision-makers to take account of broad ranging cultural benefits gained from green spaces in our towns and cities The cultural benefits of green spaces, sometimes referred to as ‘green infrastructure’, are difficult to measure and value. As a result they lack integration into decision making about how to design and manage green infrastructure. […]
  • Publications

    Growth rates of common urban trees in five cities in Great Britain: A dendrochronological evaluation with an emphasis on the impact of climate

    Lead Author: Madalena Vaz Monteiro
    Trees in cities provide important benefits (or ecosystem services), such as decreased local air temperatures, reduced air pollution and the attenuation of storm water. The range and volume of the benefits provided depends on the size of the trees and their canopy. While city locations can be good places for trees to grow, for example […]
  • Publications

    Supplying trees in an era of environmental uncertainty: Identifying challenges faced by the forest nursery sector in Great Britain

    Lead Author: Joan Cottrell
    Paper explores challenges faced by the nursery sector in Great Britain in an era of environmental uncertainty In recent years, there have been many studies exploring the management strategies that might be used to enable our forests to better cope with climate change. However, these seldom take into account the practical and economic implications of […]
  • Publications

    Allometric relationships for urban trees in Great Britain

    Lead Author: Madalena Vaz Monteiro
    Tree allometry describes the relationships between tree biometric variables, such as tree diameter, height and crown width. Understanding of these relationships helps urban foresters to assess many of the economic and ecological benefits (e.g. carbon storage, rainwater interception and regulation of temperatures) provided by trees, such as through the use of the urban forest management […]
  • Publications

    The genetic consequences of long term habitat fragmentation on a self-incompatible clonal plant, Linnaea borealis L.

    Lead Author: Joan Cottrell
    Study finds twinflower in Scotland exhibits genetic effects of chronic population fragmentation Habitat fragmentation is widely thought to contribute to the decline of plant species. In part, this is due to the restriction it places on the flow of genes (which occurs through pollen and seed dispersal) within a plant population, creating sub-populations within which […]
  • Publications

    Study finds site-specific factors more important than regional climate in determining urban tree growth

    Study finds site-specific factors more important than regional climate in determining urban tree growth
  • Publications

    New climate change information modifies frames and decisions of decision makers: an exploratory study in forest planning

    Lead Author: Michal Petr
    This paper explores how information about climate change and its impacts on the provision of forest products and services, influences forest planners’ decisions about forest management. It explains that research has found that when this information was presented to forest planners, it resulted in forest management actions being planned to occur at more appropriate times […]
  • Publications

    Natural Play: how can we enable children to benefit from nature?

    Lead Author: Margrete Skar
    There is increasing evidence that contact with nature provides a wide variety of benefits for children. These include physical, mental and social well-being benefits as well as a wide range of learning opportunities and the chance to develop an interest in and understanding of nature. At the same time, there is increasing global concern that […]
  • Publications

    No seed zone effects on the survival, growth, and stem form of Pacific silver fir in Britain

    Lead Author: Gary Kerr
    Long-term research finds Pacific silver fir has great potential as a forestry species in Britain With our climate changing and an increasing range of pests and diseases affecting trees in Britain, it is important forest managers diversify the tree species they plant and use a wider range of forest management systems (e.g. continuous cover forestry). […]
  • Publications

    Do non-native conifer plantations provide benefits for a native forest specialist, the wood ant Formica lugubris?

    Lead Author: Duncan Procter
    Recent research by Forest Research scientists and colleagues at the University of York shows that northern hairy wood ants (Formica lugubris) have successfully colonised plantations of largely non-native coniferous species in the North York Moors National Park. The studies show that there has been a remarkable expansion of the population of this ant into new […]
  • Publications

    Climate change adaptation strategies in a fragmented landscape

    Lead Author: Nicholas Synes
    A multi-species modelling approach to examine the impact of alternative climate change adaptation strategies on range shifting ability in a fragmented landscape This paper describes research to test the effects of varying ‘climate change adaptation strategies’ on the ability of different animals to move through the landscape in response to changing climatic conditions. The adaptation […]
  • Publications

    Adapting Scotland’s forests to climate change using an action expiration chart

    Lead Author: Michal Petr
    New decision-making tool helps ecosystem services to adapt to the potential impact of climate change on Scottish forests In a paper published in Environmental Research Letters Michal Petr and colleagues investigate the impacts of future climate change on forest ecosystem services in Scotland and describe a new approach to supporting adaptation decisions in forestry. To […]
  • Publications

    Controlling rhododendron through the use of herbicides

    To control Rhododendron spread, its eradication, usually by cutting and removal, is an accepted management practice. The regrowth of shoots on rhododendron stumps is however a common. Two papers explore different aspects of this problem.
  • Publications

    Community based forest enterprises in Britain: Two organising typologies

    Lead Author: Bianca Ambrose-Oji
    Business and enterprise models in community based forest enterprises in Britain In a paper published in the journal Forest Policy and Economics, Forest Research social scientists, Bianca Ambrose-Oji, Anna Lawrence and Amy Stewart, examine diverse community-based and social enterprise business models by using a systematic framework to organise evidence from 33 case studies across Wales, […]
  • Publications

    Comparing the Costs and Revenues of Transformation to Continuous Cover Forestry for Sitka Spruce in Great Britain

    Lead Author: Owen Davies
    Paper examines the economics of transforming a stand of Sitka spruce to Continuous Cover Forestry Recently continuous cover forestry (CCF) has become an accepted approach to forest management in Britain, but uncertainty about its economic consequences may be a barrier to its wider use. A study was carried out to examine the costs and revenues […]
  • Publications

    Controlling rhododendron through the use of herbicides

    Lead Author: Ian Willoughby
    Problems associated with Rhododendron ponticum Rhododendron ponticum is a highly invasive species affecting woodland in the UK. It is also a host to two particularly significant diseases affecting our woodlands – Phytophthora ramorum and Phytophthora kernoviae. To control their spread, the eradication of rhododendron, usually by cutting and removal, is an accepted management practice. The […]
  • Publications

    Effects of urban density on carbon dioxide exchanges

    Lead Author: H.C. Ward
    Carbon dioxide is an important greenhouse gas contributing to global climate change. This paper quantifies the size of carbon dioxide flows between the land and the atmosphere in 1) a woodland at Alice Holt in Surrey, 2) a suburban site in Swindon and 3) an urban site in central London. The paper shows that annually, […]