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Themes: Forest management

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  • Research

    New evidence to inform woodland creation for climate change mitigation

      This project was commissioned to estimate and compare the potential for carbon sequestration and GHG emissions mitigation that could be realised by creating different types of woodlands. The analysis assesses the influence of different tree species, site and management factors, including the eventual use of harvested wood, on the potential carbon...
  • Research

    Research and guidance on alternative methods of managing Hylobius abietis

    Research and Guidance The large pine weevil (Hylobius abietis) is the most serious pest of newly planted or naturally regenerating woodland trees on restocking sites in the UK and Ireland. On affected sites, in the absence of protective measures, losses of replanted trees will average around 50%, but in the worst...
  • Research

    Breeding ash trees for tolerance to ash dieback

    Forest Research have been engaged in efforts to improve tolerance of ash trees to ash dieback caused by Hymenoscyphus fraxineus (previously known as ‘Chalara‘) since the disease was first recognised in Great Britain in 2012. Progress has been made under three main projects: Living Ash Project  Ash dieback mass screening trials  Testing a range of ash species for tolerance to ash dieback Across these three projects,...
  • Research

    Understanding new and emerging pest threats to priority tree species and new woodlands

    This is a collaboration with tree health scientists to explore new and emerging pest threats to priority tree species and new woodlands. We aim to assess the risks posed by established pests under current and future climates, and the most likely invasion pathways for key invasive pests.
  • Research

    Alternatives to conventional plastic treeshelters

    This research aims to determine the practicality, durability, and efficacy of non-plastic biodegradable treeshelters and other tree protection methods, as alternatives to using treeshelters made from conventional plastics.
  • Research

    Living Ash Project phase II (LAP2)

    LAP2 commenced in 2019 as an extention of the earlier Living Ash Project phase I. The objectives of LAP2 are to: Establish a National Archive of Tolerant Ash based on selections made in the Living Ash Project phase I and from Forest Research's mass screening trials (Future Trees Trust) Intensively screen selected trees using...
  • Research

    The National Forest Estate Biodiversity Index

    Forest Research, Forestry & Land Scotland and Forestry England have co-developed an evidence based, repeatable approach for assessing the biodiversity potential of the National Forest Estate. Several extent, condition, connectivity and diversity metrics are measured and aggregated into a Combined Biodiversity Index. An online, interactive tool allows users to explore mapped scores.
  • Research

    Enhancing Integrated Pest Management in Forestry

    How do we manage insect pests in forestry? This PhD project aims to evaluate current science and practise and develop and test new and improved methods in order to enhance integrated pest management in the industry.
  • Research

    Public Perceptions of Urban Trees

    How do contemporary Great British attitudes to urban trees vary between locality, individuals and communities with different socio-demographic backgrounds? Forest Research aims to investigate this through a rapid evidence review, a national questionnaire and a series of focus groups.
  • Research

    Woodland Diversification

    Woodland Diversification Managing woodland stands in a way that retains productivity targets, but that also fosters biodiversity and stand resilience are key sustainable forest management goals. Current forestry policy advocates a diversification of woodland stands to achieve these goals, favouring mixed age structures, trees of mixed provenance and polycultures over...
  • Research

    Provenance variation of emerging species

    Forest Research has recently examined some long-term experiments to examine provenance variation of emerging species.  The table below is a summary of how the results compare with Forestry Commission Bulletin 66, which only included three of the species. Individual reports for the eight species covered so far can be found...
  • Research

    The dendroclimatic and dendrochronological background to Acute Oak Decline

    Using tree ring measurements (dendrochronology) and stable isotope analysis, the research aims to examine the stem growth and tree health histories of Acute Oak Decline (AOD)-affected trees, to look for evidence of predisposition to AOD, the impact of AOD on recent growth, and correlation with A. biguttatus attack.
  • Research

    Soil organic carbon changes in UK forest soils

    Rita Razauskaite, PhD studentship, University of Aberdeen (2015-2018) Summary Forest soils contain large amounts of carbon, which can be lost through forest operations or changing environmental conditions. As forests are perennial with infrequent disturbance, soil organic carbon (SOC) accumulation differs from highly disturbed land uses, with significant accumulation occurring in deeper soil horizons...
  • Research

    The difference in roots traits under different tree species as influenced by soil type in forest ecosystems in Bulgaria and the UK

    Lyudmila Lozanova, short-term studentship, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (2016) Summary This study investigated selected root traits such fine root length, belowground fine mass (biomass and necromass) distribution across different root diameter classes and soil depths, and patterns of temporal dynamics in root biomass and necromass.
  • Research

    Evaluation of tree species and soil type interactions for their potential for long term C sequestration

    Antia Villada, PhD studentship, University of Reading (2009-2012) Background Northern temperate forests have been identified as major contributors to the terrestrial C sink. Among the different land uses, afforestation and reforestation have been recommended as practices to mitigate climate change by promoting C storage in both soils and biomass but the main factors...
  • Research

    Above and belowground ecological linkages in temperate forest soils

    Olivia Azevedo, PhD studentship, University of Stirling (2019-2022)   Background Forests are crucial for biodiversity and also provide numerous ecosystem services that enhance human welfare. However, when studying forests, often the complexity of life belowground either goes unnoticed or it is studied in isolation from its aboveground component. Compartmentalising the above and belowground...
  • Research

    Large scale diversity and distribution of ectomycorrhizal fungi

    A multi-partner Europe wide transdisciplinary project to understand the large-scale diversity and distribution of ectomycorrhizal fungi across Europe, taking into account long-term monitoring of environment, climate, soil and geographical variables.
  • Research

    The social dimensions of oak processionary moth (OPM) management

    Management of oak processionary moth (OPM) is becoming an increasing challenge to land managers of trees and woodlands in urban and rural areas as the pest continues to spread outwards from original infestation sites in London. This work looks at how landowners and other managers of trees are responding to...