Our climate is changing rapidly, with milder, wetter winters, warmer summers, longer growing seasons and more frequent extreme conditions, including drought periods and heavy rainfall events. The projected rate of climate change is unprecedented and therefore action is essential now to improve the resilience of forests and woodlands, and to protect the benefits that they […]
The changing climate is affecting our trees, forests and woodlands, how they grow and survive and the important ecosystem services they provide. For our forests and woodlands to thrive, adaptation measures must be considered carefully, and action taken. Ten measures to reduce climate risks and improve resilience are presented.
Milder and wetter winters, followed by increased spring rainfall, are likely to enhance the survival and infection potential of many tree pathogens. Hotter, drier summers leading to drought stress in trees will also increase their susceptibility to disease and expand the distribution range of some pathogens. The increased incidence and severity of diseases caused by Phytophthora species reduces the benefits that trees provide, including climate change mitigation.
Many studies quantify short-term drought impact on tree growth relative to pre-drought growth averages. However, fewer studies examine the extent to which droughts of differing severity differentially impact tree growth or shape stand dynamics. Focusing on three droughts in high and low density stands of Pinus sylvestris in Scotland, we calculated pre-drought growth averages using […]
Understanding the impacts of extreme drought on forest productivity requires a comprehensive assessment of tree and forest resilience. However, current approaches to quantifying resilience limit our understanding of forest response dynamics, recovery trajectories and drought legacies by constraining the temporal scale and resolution of assessment. We compared individual tree growth histories with growth forecasted using […]
Sitka spruce is the major conifer species in British upland forests and is predominantly managed as even-aged, single-species plantations with rotation lengths of less than 50 years using a “patch clear-felling” system. Evidence on the impact of clear-felling on the carbon, water and energy balances of plantation forestry is sparse and extreme weather events, such […]
This review aims to answer the question “what are the public perspectives of
woodland creation, expansion, management and maintenance?” (where woodland is
taken to refer to trees in any location and context).
Using a combination of structured search strings and key word searches, the search
process uncovered 81 relevant publications from 15 countries, published between
1996 and 2021 (inclusive).
Given the policy ambitions for tree planting and woodland expansion across Great
Britain, from the United Kingdom (UK), Welsh and Scottish Governments, the
findings from this review are timely. The findings provide valuable evidence of
possible public reactions to new planting, afforestation and changes to
management, and identify gaps in the evidence where further work is required.
We investigated whether biodiversity information obtained from DNA metabarcoding of mass-trapped arthropods and from a range of taxa-based surrogate measures of biodiversity (e.g. carabid beetles, vascular plants) provide: 1) similar estimates of alpha and beta diversity and 2) provide similar forest management related conclusions. We also explored how well habitat-based surrogate measures of biodiversity (e.g. stand structure, volume of deadwood) predict observed biodiversity patterns.
Genome sequencing is used to determine the origins and genetic diversity of Dothistroma populations throughout the UK, and confirms the findings of our earlier paper discerning population structure with microsatellite analysis.
Evaluating the use of acoustic tools to assess Scots pine timber quality, and the practical implications for assessing timber quality from naturally regenerated stands. Related pages Tree and Wood Properties Compression Wood Cell wall macromolecules and reaction wood (CEMARE)
* These publications are produced by Technical Development. Some (mainly older) publications are not available online. If you do not find what you are looking for, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com or phone 0300 067 5919.
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