Table 3.8 presents data on the source of selected wood products that have been imported into the UK in 2017.
Sawn softwood, particleboard, fibreboard, and paper and paperboard were overwhelmingly imported from EU countries in 2017 (Table 3.8):
- Sweden (42%), Latvia (16%) and Finland (14%) provided the majority of imports of sawn softwood to the UK.
- Most particleboard imports to the UK came from Germany (19%), France (17%) and Latvia (16%).
- Ireland (29%), Germany (20%) and Spain (13%) were the principal sources of fibreboard imports.
- Most paper and paperboard imports came from Germany (18%), Finland (16%) and Sweden (15%).
Sawn hardwood and wood pulp imports originated from a range of both EU and non-EU countries in 2017:
- Estonia (17%) was the largest single source of sawn hardwood imports to the UK.
- Brazil (21%), Sweden (24%) and Netherlands (16%) provided around two thirds of wood pulp imports to the UK.
The vast majority of UK imports of plywood and wood pellets came from countries outside the EU in 2017:
- China (37%) and Brazil (18%) were the principal sources of plywood imports to the UK.
- The USA (59%) and Canada (21%) provided the majority of wood pellet imports to the UK.
Table 3.8 Country of origin of wood imports to the UK, 2017
|Source||Sawn softwood||Sawn hardwood||Plywood||Particle-board||Fibre-board||Pellets||Wood pulp||Paper and paperboard|
|per cent of total UK imports (volume) in each category|
Source: UK overseas trade statistics (HM Revenue & Customs), industry associations.
1. Sawnwood imports in this table exclude sleepers.
Figure 3.2 shows the main sources of imports of sawn softwood to the UK since 1962. The total level of sawn softwood imports has fluctuated between around 5 million m3 and 10 million m3 from 1962 to present. Imports to the UK from Canada have reduced substantially since the early 1990s. In contrast imports from the Baltic States increased between 1992 and 2003 and, although there was some decline between 2003 to 2012, imports from the Baltic States to the UK have started to increase again in recent years. Since 1993 Sweden has consistently been the principal country of origin for UK sawn softwood imports.
Figure 3.2 Country of origin of sawn softwood imports to the UK, 1962-2017
Source: FAO, UK overseas trade statistics (HM Revenue & Customs), industry associations.
1. Sawn softwood imports in this chart exclude sleepers.
Sources chapter: Trade