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Storage characteristics


Storage moisture content and temperature

6-8% @ < 4°C

Dormancy characteristics

Hard Seeded

Pre-treatment method


See pretreatment of hard-seeded species

Efficacy of pretreatment / remarks

Generally effective, a significant proportion of live seeds should germinate

Approximate date to initiate artificial pre-treatment (for 1 March sowing) -

Storage characteristics

Orthodox – seeds that can be dried without harm, and once dried can be frozen, stored for years with little deterioration and relatively easily revived.

Practice Guide

Raising Trees and Shrubs from Seed (PDF-648K)

Forestry Commission Practice Guide 18.

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