Woodland Restoration on Landfill Sites: Earthworm Activity and Ecosystem Service Provision
A PhD project investigating the interactions between earthworms, composted green waste (CGW) and trees on reclaimed landfill.
Soil changes under long-term woodland establishment
Investigation of soil development under woodland and the effects on aboveground biodiversity change.
Peer reviewed journal articles
Azevedo, O. & Ashwood, F. (Under Review). Ectomycorrhizal fungi and forest soils: variety is the spice of life. Front. Young Minds.
Ashwood, F. & Gregory, S.J. (2021). Metatrichoniscoides celticus Oliver & Trew, 1981 new for England (Isopoda: Oniscidea: Trichoniscidae). Bulletin of the British Myriapod & Isopod Group, 33: 46-51.
Ashwood, F. & Gregory, S.J. (2021). Observations of Trichoniscoides sarsi Patience, 1908 (Isopoda: Oniscidea: Trichoniscidae) on the west coast of Britain. Bulletin of the British Myriapod & Isopod Group, 33: 72-78.
Ashwood, F., Vanguelova, E., Benham, S. & Butt, K. (2020). Looking for Earthworms in Deadwood. Front. Young Minds. 8:547465. doi: 10.3389/frym.2020.547465
Błonska E., Lasota J., Vasconcelos da Silva G.R., Vanguelova E., Ashwood F., Tibbett M., Watts K., Lukac M., 2020. Soil organic matter stabilization and carbon-cycling enzyme activity are aff ected by land management. Ann. For. Res. 63(1)
Ashwood, F., Watts, K., Park, K., Fuentes-Montemayor, E., Benham, S. and Vanguelova, E. I. (2019). Woodland restoration on agricultural land: long-term impacts on soil quality. Restoration Ecology. 27 (6): 1381-1392.
Ashwood, F., Vanguelova, E. I., Benham, S. and Butt, K. R. (2019). Developing a systematic sampling method for earthworms in and around deadwood. Forest Ecosystems. 6:33.
Mark R Bakker, Ivano Brunner, Francis Ashwood, Brynhildur Bjarnadottir, Tom Bolger, Isabella Børja, Monique Carnol, Pavel Cudlin, Lise Dalsgaard, Amandine Erktan, Douglas Godbold, Hojka Kraigher, Ina Christin Meier, Luis Merino-Martín, Jurga Motiejūnaitė, Tanja Mrak, Edda Sigurdis Oddsdottir, Ivika Ostonen, Taina Liisa Pennanen, Ülle Püttsepp, Laura M. Suz, Elena Iordanova Vanguelova, Lars Vesterdal and Nadejda A. Soudzilovskaia (2019). Belowground biodiversity relates positively to ecosystem services of European forests. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change. 2, 6.
Ashwood, F., Butt, K. R., Doick, K. J. and Vanguelova, E. I. (2018). Effects of composted green waste on soil quality and tree growth on a reclaimed landfill site. European Journal of Soil Biology. 87: 46–52.
Ashwood, F., Butt, K. R., Doick, K. J. and Vanguelova, E. I. (2017). Interactive effects of composted green waste and earthworm activity on tree growth and reclaimed soil quality: A mesocosm experiment. Applied Soil Ecology. 119: 226-233.
Ashwood, F., Butt, K. R., Doick, K. J. and Vanguelova, E. I. (2017). Investigating tree foliar preference by the earthworms Aporrectodea longa and Allolobophora chlorotica in reclaimed and loam soil, Applied Soil Ecology. 110: 109–117
Doick, K. J., Davies, H. J., Handley, P., Vaz Monteiro,M., O'Brien, L. and Ashwood, F. (2016). Introducing England's Urban Forests. Urban Forestry and Woodlands Advisory Committee’s (FWAC) Network.
Ashwood, F. (2016). Woodland Restorationon Landfill Sites: Earthworm Activity and Ecosystem Service Provision. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Central Lancashire, UK.
Barsoum, N., Fuller, L, Ashwood, F., Reed, K., Bonnet-Lebrun, A.-S. and Leung, F (2014). Ground-dwelling spider (Araneae) and carabid beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) community assemblages in mixed and monoculture stands of oak (Quercus robur L./Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl.) and Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). Forest Ecology and Management. 321: 29–41.
Ashwood, F., Doick, K.J., Atkinson, G.E. andChenoweth, J. (2014). Under-utilisation of organic wastes during brownfield regeneration to community woodland: Tackling the barriers. Waste Management and Research. 32 (1), 49 – 55.
Publications and reports for FC and other Government Departments and allied organisations, trade and EU publications
Vanguelova, E., Ashwood, F., Benham, S. and Broadmeadow, S. (2019). Environmental factors stressing oak trees. In: Quine, C.P., Atkinson, N., Denman, S., Desprez-Loustau, M-L., Jackson, R., Kirby, K. (eds), Action Oak Knowledge review: an assessment of the current evidence on oak health in the UK, identification of evidence gaps and prioritisation of research needs. Action Oak, Haslemere, UK. ISBN 978-1-5272-4193-0
Vanguelova, E., Chapman, S., Perks, M., Yamulki, S., Randle, T., Ashwood, F. and Morison, J. (2018). Afforestation and restocking on peaty soils – new evidence assessment. ClimateXChange Project Report. Edinburgh, UK.
Ashwood, F., Albertini, A. and Doick, K. J. (2015). Best Practice Guidance Note for Land Regeneration No. 20: Drought Tolerant Tree Species and Land Regeneration. Forest Research, Farnham.
Ashwood, F. (2015). Best Practice Guidance Note for Land Regeneration No. 18: Lowland Calcareous Grassland – Creation and Management in Land Regeneration. Forest Research, Farnham.
Doick, K.J. and Ashwood, F. (2011). Brownfield regeneration to a soft-end use: Barriers to using a quality planting medium. Reclamation (the Journal of the BLRS), November 2011, pp.3.
Presentations, posters and published conference proceedings
Bieszczady Earthworm Conference, University of Rzeszów/UCLan. Ustrzyki Górne, Poland (September 2018). Oral presentation on ‘Afforestation effects on soil quality and earthworm populations’ and Poster presentation on ‘Trialling a systematic sampling protocol for earthworms in deadwood’.
Woodland Creation & Ecological Networks (WrEN) Conference, Charles Darwin House, London, UK (April 2018). Oral presentation on ‘long-term soil development and soil biodiversity of broadleaf woodlands’.
COST Action FP1305 BioLink: Linking belowground biodiversity and ecosystem function in European forests. Granada, Spain (March, 2018). Oral presentation on ‘Developing a systematic protocol for deadwood earthworm surveys: a trial using an unmanaged oak woodland chronosequence’.
Plant and soil interactions: from the micro- to the macro-scale. SEESOIL event at The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, UK (March 2017). Oral presentation on ‘Earthworm, soil and tree interactions’.
COST Action FP1305 BioLink: Linking belowground biodiversity and ecosystem function in European forests. Sofia, Bulgaria (April 2016). Oral presentation on ‘Woodland restoration on landfill sites: Earthworm activity and ecosystem service provision’.
Society for Ecological Restoration’s 2015 conference (SER15). Manchester, UK (August 2015). Oral presentation on ‘Earthworm colonisation of a landfill restored to woodland in East London’.
Thames Chase Community Forest – A Role for Ecology in Land Regeneration. British Land Reclamation Society (BLRS) event. Rainham, UK (April 2015). Oral presentation on ‘Woodland restoration on landfill sites: Earthworm activity and ecosystem service provision’.
COST Action FP1305 BioLink: Linking belowground biodiversity and ecosystem function in European forests. Krakow, Poland (March 2015). Poster presentation on ‘Earthworm colonisation of a restored landfill site in London’.
COST Action FP1305 BioLink: Linking below-ground biodiversity and ecosystem function in European forests. University of Reading, UK (November 2014). Poster presentation on ‘Provision of Soil and Woodland Ecosystem Services on Reclaimed Land through Earthworm Activity’.
Isle of Rum Earthworm Conference, UCLan/University of Rzeszów. Isle of Rum, Scotland (June 2014). Oral presentation on ‘The influence of earthworm activity on reclaimed soil and woodland ecosystem service delivery’.
10th International Symposium on Earthworm Ecology (ISEE10), Georgia, USA (June 2014). Poster presentation on ‘Provision of soil and woodland ecosystem services on reclaimed land through earthworm activity’.
GBACE Research poster event - Winner. UCLan, UK (June 2013). Poster presentation on ‘Investigating the effects of compost and earthworm addition on soil quality and tree growth on regenerated brownfield land’.
Graduate Research School Annual Research Conference - Winner. UCLan, UK (June 2013). Poster on ‘Soil quality under brownfield regeneration to woodland – provision of wider ecosystem services’.
Ashwood, F. (2019). Jaw-dropping, tail-dropping earthworms. Newsletter and webpage article for the Earthworm Society of Britain.
Ashwood, F. (2018). UK’s rarest earthworm species found in ECN Alice Holt forest. News article for the UK Environmental Change Network (ECN)[Available online: http://www.ecn.ac.uk/news/rare-earthworm-found].
Ashwood, F. & Byrne, J. (2018). WrEN Soils Project. Blog post for the Woodland Creation & Ecological Networks (WrEN) project [Available online: https://www.wren-project.com/blog/wren-soils-project].
Ashwood, F. (2018). UK’s rarest earthworm species found. News article for Forest Research [Available online: https://www.forestresearch.gov.uk/news/uks-rarest-earthworm-species-found].
Ashwood, F. (2018). Digging into the world of earthworm research. Newsletter and webpage article for the Earthworm Society of Britain [Available online: https://www.earthwormsoc.org.uk/node/133].
BBC Breakfast Live (16th April 2019) - Demonstrating the importance of earthworms and promoting the Big Forest Find at Westonbirt Arboretum as part of Forestry England's centenary celebrations.
Ashwood, F. (2017). Woodland Restoration On Landfill Sites – the role of green composted waste and earthworms. Research summary video for Forest Research [Video available online: https://vimeo.com/210234776].