Climate change will have wide-ranging effects on ecosystem services
The ecosystem services concept helps to describe the benefits that humans receive from nature and natural processes.
They are often grouped into three categories: regulation and maintenance, provisioning and cultural.
At the same time, trees and woodlands provide ecosystem services which could help us mitigate and adapt to the climate emergency. The provision of these services will also depend on partnerships of managers, scientists and other stakeholders who learn and adapt together.