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Did the funding achieve its key objective in climate change mitigation?


Between 2006 and 2010 the Better Woodlands for Wales (BWW) scheme granted around £13 million to support the creation of new woodlands and to secure environmental and community benefits from existing woodland. Forest Research used a mix of quantitative and qualitative methods to evaluate the impact of the scheme.

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Key Findings

  • Net increase in carbon emissions over the first four years – caused by disturbance of soil carbon and emissions from planting operations
  • Net carbon sequestration over 20 years – new woodland will sequester 3,300-31,500 tCO2 (valued using 2012 prices at £64,000 to £1.9 million over the period 2008-2027)
  • Biodiversity benefits – valued between £1,000 (low estimate for new coniferous woodland) to £1 million (high estimate for broadleaved woodland)
  • Funding was critical – half of grant recipients said the grant scheme was central to their decision to plant
  • Scheme design – successfully encouraged short- and medium-term planning of woodland as a holistic enterprise
  • Better woodland management – the scheme helped to improve standards of woodland management across Wales
  • Diverse recipients and objectives – grants awarded to a wide range of woodland owners (from community groups and voluntary organisations to commercial forestry companies), covering a broad spectrum of woodland management objectives

Funders and partners

This project was commissioned and funded by Forestry Commission Wales.


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Forestry Staff Bianca Ambrose Oji.509e510b.fill 600x600 1
Bianca Ambrose-Oji

Science group leader