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Cultural ecosystem services are one of the four key components identified in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and United Kingdom National Ecosystem Assessment, along with provisioning, regulating and supporting services. Cultural ecosystem services are identified as the benefits people gain from their interactions with different environmental spaces, such as woods or parks, and the activities, such as walking and cycling, they undertake in these spaces. These interactions give rise to a variety of wellbeing benefits that are wide ranging and can be valued in numerous ways, via monetary, qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods.
Cultural ecosystem services and benefits can include health, learning, social connections, sensory experiences, cultural and symbolic importance and identity. Our work in this area includes reviews, primary research, the monitoring and evaluation of programmes or interventions that aim to realise these benefits for different sections of society.
To increase understanding of the cultural ecosystem services and benefits of trees, woodlands and forests and how they are valued
To explore the impact of engaging with nature in terms of people’s wellbeing
To review methods for integrating cultural ecosystem services, value and benefits in forestry
To identify key factors that enable, mediate or restrict the realisation of cultural ecosystem benefits for different sections of the public
To identify priorities and challenges for future research in the field
To develop and harmonise social data and indicators within National Forest Inventories across Europe
To develop frameworks and practical advice for practitioners, policy makers
The work started in 2005 and is on-going.
The work has been funded via a variety of sources including the Forestry Commission, EU Horizon 2020, EU Sixth Framework Programme, UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN, Forestry Commission Scotland, Forestry Commission England.
Forestry Commission policy
Part of the research is linked to the Forestry Commission Science and Innovation Strategy and the high level outcome of research that provides an evidence base to allow the forestry sector to deliver a wide range of benefits from forests and woodlands. www.forestry.gov.uk/research
Completed research on trees and Quality of life
Active Forest Programme Evaluation
Grow Wild Programme Evaluation
Forestry for people: an economic and social valuation of Scottish forestry
Realising the cultural value of a Caledonian pine forest
The State of Europe’s Forests 2011: cultural and spiritual value
Cultural value of trees, woods and forests
Social and cultural values associated with European Forests in relation to indicators of sustainability 2006
Relationship between peri-urban woodlands and people’s health and wellbeing
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