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28 Search Results

  • Publications

    Managing forest operations to protect the water environment

    This Practice Guide provides advice to forest managers, practitioners, planners and supervisors, on how forest operations should be planned and managed to protect the water environment.
  • Publications

    Forestry and surface water acidification

    Lead Author: T R Nisbet
    Forests and forest management practices can affect surface water acidification in a number of ways. The primary mechanism is the ability of tree canopies to capture more sulphur and nitrogen pollutants from the atmosphere than other types of vegetation. Pollutant scavenging is expected to have peaked in the 1970s when emissions were greatest and led […]
  • Publications

    [Archive] Water use by trees

    Lead Author: T R Nisbet
    This Information Note assesses the factors that influence the water use of trees and considers how conifers and broadleaves are likely to affect water resources in different parts of the UK.
  • Publications

    [Archive] Water storage of timber: experience in Britain

    Lead Author: Joan Webber (Ed)
    From time to time a calamity such as forest fire or violent storm requires that timber is salvaged quickly. Where such timber is plantation grown the investment loss that major destruction brings is catastrophic unless the most valuable timber can be saved and then marketed in an orderly way. This Bulletin reports on a successful […]
  • Publications

    [Archive] Forests and surface water acidification

    Lead Author: T.R. Nisbet
    This Bulletin reviews the evidence for a suggested forest effect in the acidification of surface waters in Great Britain. Acid deposition from the atmosphere within susceptible areas of Britain has affected fresh water flora and fauna, causing the decline and in some instances the complete loss of fish populations. Currently there is a debate about […]
  • Publications

    Managing forests in acid sensitive water catchments

    Lead Author: Forestry Commission
    Atmospheric pollution in the form of acid deposition has been dramatically reduced since international controls on emissions were introduced in the 1980s. However, acidification still affects acid-sensitive regions of the UK, damaging fisheries and causing adverse ecological changes in freshwaters. Forestry is known to influence the degree of acidification, principally due to the ability of […]
  • Publications

    [Archive] Forestry Expansion – a study of technical, economic and ecological factors – The impacts of forestry expansion on water quality and quantity

    Lead Author: M. Hornung
    This is one of a series of papers which form part of a study to consider the scale, location and nature of forestry expansion in Britain.
  • Publications

    Designing and managing forests and woodlands to reduce flood risk

    Flooding is a major environmental hazard facing the UK and one that is expected to increase with climate change. Societal impacts and economic damages are likely to escalate, with major floods already costing multiple £billion. These concerns are driving a more sustainable approach to flood risk management involving greater working with natural processes to slow […]
  • Publications

    The UK Forestry Standard – summary checklist

    Lead Author: Forestry Commission
    Practising sustainable forestry means managing our forests in a way that meets our needs at present but that does not compromise the ability of future generations to meet their needs. They will rightly expect that their forests and woodlands offer at least the same benefits and opportunities as we enjoy today. To sustain these expectations, […]
  • Publications

    The UK Forestry Standard 2017

    Lead Author: Forestry Commission
    The UK governments have set out their requirements for sustainable forest management in the UK Forestry Standard. Available both as ePub and PDF.
  • Publications

    Valuing the social and environmental contribution of woodlands and trees in England, Scotland and Wales

    Lead Author: Pat Snowdon
    This Research Note is based on a review by the University of Exeter that evaluated existing knowledge on valuing the social and environmental contributions of British trees and woodlands. It starts by bringing together different (but related) economic terms and concepts in a single framework for understanding how trees and woodlands contribute to economic well-being, […]
  • Publications

    Ecosystem services and forest management

    Lead Author: Louise Sing
    The ecosystem services concept helps describe the benefits which humans receive from nature and natural processes in a way that can influence policy and management decision making. The ability of trees, woodlands and forests to provide a wide range of ecosystem services is very much dependent on where they are located and how they are […]
  • Publications

    Xylella fastidiosa – Pest Alert

    Lead Author: Forestry Commission
    Xylella fastidiosa is a disease-causing bacterium that affects a wide range of important woody plants and broadleaved trees. It invades the xylem vessels that transport water throughout plants, and causes symptoms ranging from leaf scorch to tree dieback and death. In the natural environment it is transmitted by xylem-fluid feeding insects such as leafhoppers. Until […]
  • Publications

    Restoring afforested peat bogs: results of current research

    Lead Author: Russell Anderson
    The value of peat bogs as open habitats and stores of carbon may be lost if they are planted with trees. The number of bogs being restored is increasing but still modest in scale relative to the area of afforested peatland. Research is currently being carried out to determine the feasibility and methodology for restoring […]
  • Publications

    Protecting the environment during mechanised harvesting operations

    Lead Author: Ian R Murgatroyd
    This Technical Note provides guidance on matching harvesting systems to site conditions to reduce the risk of soil damage and water pollution. It updates some previously identified issues and describes some new techniques. Information is provided on site planning, selection of machines, brash mat construction and maintenance, forest road approaches/drainage and roadside stacking.
  • Publications

    [Archive] The carbon content of trees

    Lead Author: George Matthews
    Calculations of the quantities of carbon stored by trees requires a knowledge, not only of their growth rates, but also of the proportions of carbon contributing to their chemical make-up. This Technical Paper presents the results of a search of the literature for reported values for carbon contents and results of estimations of carbon contents […]
  • Publications

    [Archive] Invertebrate animals as indicators of acidity in upland streams

    Lead Author: G.S Patterson
    Studies in the UK and elsewhere have shown that acid freshwater habitats have different floras and faunas and fewer species in most taxonomic groups, when compared with near-neutral waters. The presence or absence of certain common species that are sensitive to acid waters can be used to assess the prevailing chemistry of a water body. […]
  • Publications

    [Archive] A manual of good practice for the use of sewage sludge in forestry

    Lead Author: R. Wolstenholme
    Sewage sludge, a mixture of solids and water produced during the treatment of waste water, can be used as a valuable fertiliser and is currently widely used as such in agriculture. Since 1981 a joint Forestry Commission/WRc research programme has evaluated the growth responses and environmental implications of sewage sludge applications to forests (Bayes et […]