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75 Search Results

  • Publications
  • Publications

    Managing forest operations to protect the water environment

    This Practice Guide provides advice to forest managers, practitioners, planners and supervisors, on how forest operations should be planned and managed to protect the water environment.
  • Publications

    The UK Forestry Standard – summary checklist

    Lead Author: Forestry Commission
    Practising sustainable forestry means managing our forests in a way that meets our needs at present but that does not compromise the ability of future generations to meet their needs. They will rightly expect that their forests and woodlands offer at least the same benefits and opportunities as we enjoy today. To sustain these expectations, […]
  • Publications

    The UK Forestry Standard 2017

    Lead Author: Forestry Commission
    The UK governments have set out their requirements for sustainable forest management in the UK Forestry Standard. Available both as ePub and PDF.
  • Publications

    Export certification

    Lead Author: Forestry Commission
    Pests and diseases can be carried on plants and trees, seeds, wood and wood products including wooden packaging material and isolated bark. They may also be carried on vehicles and machinery where they have not been properly cleaned and are carrying soil or plant debris. If you intend to export such material out of Great […]
  • Publications

    Horse chestnut bleeding canker

    Lead Author: Sarah Green
    Horse chestnut is an important amenity tree species which has been significantly affected over the past decade by a widespread outbreak of bleeding canker disease. Symptoms include rust-coloured or blackened bleeding cankers on the stem and branches, which can lead to tree mortality. The causal agent of this disease is the pathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas syringae […]
  • Publications

    Forestry and surface water acidification

    Lead Author: T R Nisbet
    Forests and forest management practices can affect surface water acidification in a number of ways. The primary mechanism is the ability of tree canopies to capture more sulphur and nitrogen pollutants from the atmosphere than other types of vegetation. Pollutant scavenging is expected to have peaked in the 1970s when emissions were greatest and led […]
  • Publications

    Species preference of small mammals for direct-sown tree and shrub seeds

    Lead Author: Matt Parratt
    Direct seeding can be a useful method for creating new woodland on former agricultural sites. However, the success of the technique is variable when it is used to restore conifer plantation sites to native species. Seed predation by small mammals, particularly the wood mouse, has been identified as a factor potentially limiting success. Small mammals […]
  • Publications

    Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from forest civil engineering

    Lead Author: Alan Dickerson
    The management of forests and woodlands requires an effective road network to provide access for the machinery required to plant and harvest trees and extract timber and wood products. Roads are also used by visitors for access and activities such as cycling and mountain biking. Forest roads and bridges must be constructed so that they […]
  • Publications

    Understanding the carbon and greenhouse gas balance of forests in Britain

    Lead Author: James Morison
    Forests and woodlands represent a substantial stock of carbon that is contained in soil, trees and other vegetation. They are a key component of the global carbon cycle and their effective management, at both global and regional scales, is an important mechanism for reducing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Understanding what determines the size of […]
  • Publications

    Managing deadwood in forests and woodlands

    Lead Author: Jonathan W Humphrey
    Deadwood is a vital component of a properly functioning forest ecosystem. It plays an important role in sustaining biodiversity and in delivering ecosystem services such as soil formation and nutrient cycling. In the UK up to a fifth of woodland species depend on dead or dying trees for all or part of their life cycle […]
  • Publications

    Environmental effects of stump and root harvesting

    Lead Author: Andy J Moffat
    The removal of tree stumps and coarse roots from felling sites as a source of woody biomass for bioenergy generation is well established in parts of Europe, and interest has been expressed in replicating this practice in some regions of the UK. Overseas research shows that stump harvesting can pose a risk to sustainable forest […]
  • Publications

    The Environmental Change Network at Alice Holt Research Forest

    Lead Author: Suzanne Benham
    The Environmental Change Network (ECN) was established in 1992 to provide a framework for monitoring the effects of a range of environmental drivers on freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems. The Alice Holt ECN site represents the Forestry Commission’s commitment to this long-term collaborative programme. This Research Note reviews data collected at the Alice Holt site over […]
  • Publications

    Protecting the environment during mechanised harvesting operations

    Lead Author: Ian R Murgatroyd
    This Technical Note provides guidance on matching harvesting systems to site conditions to reduce the risk of soil damage and water pollution. It updates some previously identified issues and describes some new techniques. Information is provided on site planning, selection of machines, brash mat construction and maintenance, forest road approaches/drainage and roadside stacking.
  • Publications

    The identification of soils for forest management

    Lead Author: Fiona Kennedy
    The aim of this Field Guide is to assist forestry practitioners in making responsible management decisions by providing them with a way to identify soil quickly. This is done via a series of keys aimed at those with little or no experience of soil classification.
  • Publications

    [Archive] An ecological site classification for forestry in Great Britain

    Lead Author: Graham Pyatt
    Ecological Site Classification (ESC) will help forest managers to select tree species, and to make related decisions based on an appreciation of the ecological potential of sites. The classification focuses on the key factors of site that influence tree growth, and that are important to the rest of the ecosystem. This site-orientated approach to tree […]
  • Publications

    [Archive] Cultivation of soils for forestry

    Lead Author: D. B. Paterson
    This Bulletin describes how foresters can use cultivation to provide a favourable site for tree survival and growth. A guiding principle is to work within the limitations of the site and to appreciate the effects of cultivation upon the microsite and the wider forest environment. The wide range of cultivation techniques now available means that […]
  • Publications

    [Archive] An Ecological Site Classification for forestry in Great Britain with special reference to Grampian, Scotland

    Lead Author: Graham D Pyatt
    Describes a site classification that provides a sound ecological basis for the sustainable management of forests and resulting timber production, wildlife conservation and other benefits. Applicable to all kinds of woodlands, it incorporates the existing classification of soil types used for many years when selecting silvicultural options. Much of this publication is specific to Grampian […]