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  • Research

    Breeding ash trees for tolerance to ash dieback

    Forest Research have been engaged in efforts to improve tolerance of ash trees to ash dieback caused by Hymenoscyphus fraxineus (previously known as ‘Chalara‘) since the disease was first recognised in Great Britain in 2012. Progress has been made under three main projects: Living Ash Project  Ash dieback mass screening trials  Testing a range of ash species for tolerance to ash dieback Across these three projects,...
  • Publications

    Non-destructive evaluation of Scots pine

    Lead Author: David Auty
    Evaluating the use of acoustic tools to assess Scots pine timber quality, and the practical implications for assessing timber quality from naturally regenerated stands. Related pages Tree and Wood Properties Compression Wood Cell wall macromolecules and reaction wood (CEMARE)
  • Publications

    Stem straightness in Sitka spruce in Scotland and North England

    Lead Author: Shaun Mochan
    Report on a survey of stem straightness. Related pages Tree and Wood Properties Compression Wood Cell wall macromolecules and reaction wood (CEMARE)
  • Publications

    Towards a timber quality model for Sitka spruce in Britain

    Lead Author: Barry Gardiner
    Conference paper on the development of a timber quality model for British-grown Sitka spruce. Related pages Tree and Wood Properties Compression Wood Cell wall macromolecules and reaction wood (CEMARE)
  • Publications

    Diameter, height and volume increment single tree models for improved Sitka spruce in Great Britain

    The British forestry sector lacks reliable dynamic growth models for stands of improved Sitka spruce, the most important commercial forest type in Great Britain. The aim of this study is to fill this gap by trialling a new modelling framework and to lay the foundations of a future dynamic growth simulator for that forest type. […]
  • Research

    Living Ash Project phase II (LAP2)

    LAP2 commenced in 2019 as an extention of the earlier Living Ash Project phase I. The objectives of LAP2 are to: Establish a National Archive of Tolerant Ash based on selections made in the Living Ash Project phase I and from Forest Research's mass screening trials (Future Trees Trust) Intensively screen selected trees using...
  • Research

    Molecular detection of Phytophthoras in forest, woodland and urban garden environments

    A project entitled 'molecular detection of Phytophthoras in forest, woodland and urban garden environments' aims to; i) examine Phytophthora diversity in soil at forest, woodland and public garden sites in Scotland, ii) assess the feasibility of using Illumina metabarcoding technology combined with spore trapping for longer-term monitoring of aerial Phytophthora diseases, such as P. ramorum, and iii) to provide evidence to inform biosecurity and remediation policy aimed at limiting the introduction, spread and impact of Phytophthora diseases.
  • Publications

    ESCom 2020 workshop: Scotland’s National Ecological Network – progress and practicalities

    Lead Author: Chloe Bellamy
    Summary of a workshop for researchers, policy makers and practitioners to discuss the progress and practicalities of developing a National Ecological Network in Scotland. Embedded in this approach to more sustainable land use is the need to take stock of progress towards regional and national ecological networks to increase resilience into the future.
  • Research

    Improving stiffness in Sitka spruce

    The grading, and therefore the ultimate value of construction timber is governed by the mechanical properties of strength, density and stiffness. The majority of British spruce timber is graded as C16 but has density and strength characteristics which are usually high enough to achieve greater grades. The factor limiting a greater...
  • Research

    Publications about delivering resilient forests

    This page lists the main publications about planning and management to deliver forest ecosystem resilience produced through the 'Delivering Resilient Forests' research programme.
  • Research

    Delivering Resilient Forests

    Resilient forests are important if our trees are to cope better with changing environmental conditions and threats from pests and diseases. This page provides information on the publications produced as part of Forest Research's 'Delivering Resilient Forests' programme of research.
  • Publications

    Wood properties and uses of Scots pine in Britain

    Lead Author: Paul Mclean
    This Report collates and synthesises research into the production and use of Scots pine timber in Great Britain, drawing where necessary and for comparative purposes on sources from the European continent where Scots pine is better characterised and used in a wider range of applications.
  • Research

    B4EST – adaptive breeding for productive, sustainable and resilient forests under climate change

    B4EST will offer new understanding about how adaptive forest breeding can be used to increase forest survival, health, resilience and productivity under climate change and natural disturbances, while maintaining genetic diversity and key ecological functions.
  • Publications

    Import Inspection Fees for Wood, Wood Products and Bark (5th edition)

    Lead Author: Forestry Commission
    This Guide explains which imports of wood, wood products and bark are subject to chargeable import inspection, how much the fees are, and how they may be paid.A credit application form for import business is available to download here as pdf file:[<a href=”/website/pdf.nsf/pdf/fcph002a.pdf/$FILE/fcph002a.pdf”>]Credit application form[</a>]
  • Publications

    Importing firewood (3rd edition)

    Lead Author: Forestry Commission
    Plant Health controls apply to a wide range of wood products, including firewood. These controls are in place to prevent the spread of pests and pathogens that would be ecologically and economically damaging if introduced to Great Britain (GB). Import controls are tree species specific, and may vary according to the country of origin and […]
  • Publications

    Forest Reproductive Material: Regulations controlling seed, cuttings and planting stock for forestry in Great Britain (2nd edition)

    Lead Author: Forestry Commission
    The Forest Reproductive Material (Great Britain) Regulations provide a system of control for seed, cuttings and planting stock that is used for forestry purposes in Great Britain
  • Publications

    Importing wood, wood products and bark: Requirements for landing controlled material into Great Britain from non-EU countries (4th edition)

    Lead Author: Forestry Commission
    This Plant Health Guide sets out the requirements for landing controlled material from non-EU countries into Great Britain. It lists controlled genera and species and highlights the import regulations that apply to the landing of wood, wood products and bark from these species from countries outside of the EU. This 4th edition reflects recent changes […]
  • Research

    The first 50 years of Tree Breeding in Britain – Nomenclature and locations

    There have been a number of changes of nomenclature and location during the 50 years of tree improvement within the Forestry Commission and Forest Research: Bush Nursery, Roslin 1956-96 Newton Nursery, Elgin 1963-96 Fort Augustus 1971-77 Grizedale, Lake District 1951-71 Westonbirt Arboretum, Glos. 1965-88 Shobdon, Herefordshire 1985-96 Research branch name The Genetics Section of the Forestry Commission Research Division was established...