Applying the Ecological Site Classification in the lowlands’ is an illustrated case study of the New Forest Inclosures, which cover an area of 8500 hectares in southern Britain. The Ecological Site Classification (ESC) model is a PC-based decision support system for forest managers. It is designed to match key site factors with the ecological requirements […]
Afforestation affects bogs by triggering physical, chemical and biological changes within the environment. The primary purpose of bog restoration is to re-create wildlife habitat. This Technical Paper addresses the case for restoration, the basic principles that should be considered, the special case of cracked peat, and results from and practical experience gained in past restoration […]
This Technical paper provides an account of genetic variation in forest tree species. It reviews our understanding of the genetic variation of native tree and shrub species in Britain. Highlights the issues that need to be addressed in developing a genetic conservation policy for British forestry. This publication is still available in hardcopy.
This report considers the use of woodlands as a means of rehabilitating urban and industrial wastelands, and the availability of such land as a resource for new woodlands in England and Wales. This publication is still available in hardcopy.
This Technical Paper updates information in Forestry Commission Field Book 8 The use of herbicides in the forest. It provides a summary of recent Forestry Commission research findings concerning the use of herbicides in forestry, and also explains relevant changes in legislation and approved products.Key herbicides cited in this publication: atrazine, cyanazine, cycloxydim, clopyralid, dichlobenil, […]
This Technical Paper summarises the present extent of native woodland in Scotland, which is a substantially greater resource than has previously been recognised, reviews the planting and natural regeneration of native woodlands over the past 5 years, and considers the value of existing survey information in relation to the preparation of the UK Habitat Action […]
A practical guide explaining how to create new woodlands in the National Forest. Advice is based on general principles of tree establishment techniques, latest research findings and, importantly, the experience of establishing three large Demonstration Woodlands in the National Forest. A site visit to at least one of them will bring to life the points […]
This Technical Paper brings together a series of papers presented at the symposium ‘Birch in spruce plantations: management for biodiversity’ held at Scottish Natural Heritage’s Battleby Conference Centre, Perth, in February 1997. The aim of this symposium was to present the findings from a series of collaborative research projects funded jointly by the Forestry Commission […]
Nine papers presented at a workshop funded as part of an EU concerted action programme, aimed at reviewing information on the impact of grazing animals on forest ecosystems, identifying management problems, and determining priority areas for research. There is need for better integration of ecological and economic objectives in forest ecosystems; large herbivores can be […]
The development and regulation of green spruce aphid pest problems in Europe were the subject of a European Community Concerted Action funded in part by the EC Agriculture, Fisheries, Forestry and Agro-Industry Specific Programme as project AIR3- CT94-1883. This Technical Paper is the product of a collaboration between forest research institutes in the four European […]
Eight papers from a conference on restoring disturbed land to forestry, relevant because of the rapid increase in this type of land use in support of urban forestry initiatives. The papers represent a valuable set of opinions, and a basis from which further work in promoting woodland cover on restored disturbed land can be developed. […]
Describes a site classification that provides a sound ecological basis for the sustainable management of forests and resulting timber production, wildlife conservation and other benefits. Applicable to all kinds of woodlands, it incorporates the existing classification of soil types used for many years when selecting silvicultural options. Much of this publication is specific to Grampian […]
The red fox is a generalist predator and scavenger, adapted to a range of habitats. An account of fox biology in relation to forestry is given, information on fox population trends is reviewed, and recommendations made with regard to strategies for management of the economic impact of foxes. This information is of value to forest […]
Proceedings from a highly topical seminar, the main objectives of which were: to review current research and development on the use of trees for shelter; to increase the awareness of shelter-related work being undertaken in the UK; to identify priority areas for future research and potential collaborative links. Papers were presented on trees for shelter […]
Presents models of wood supply and wood product demand for the UK to 2050. The forecasts show that it is likely that wood supply will increase with demand up to 2025. After that, if no new planting is undertaken, supply will fall while demand will continue to rise (although in this respect there is a […]
In order to gain a clearer understanding of the value of forests for visitor recreation the Forestry Commission funded a research project to evaluate public perceptions, attitudes and preferences in forests and woodlands. This Technical Paper presents the background to the project, and the results and analyses of the research. It will provide a comprehensive […]
This report provides a summary account of the present extent, distribution, composition and condition of the native woodlands in the Scottish Lowlands. There are approx 29,000 ha of which over half is of natural origin and commonly of birch and oak. In the planted areas, oak, ash and elm predominate. The percentage of native species […]
This Technical paper draws together information on the forests of the Scottish Highlands, many of which are regarded as being extreme oceanic variants of the boreal forest. Composition, structure, dynamics and history are described and the future of Scottish boreal forests is assessed. This publication is still available to order in hardcopy.
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